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China reports new ASF outbreak in Gansu province



China reports new ASF outbreak in Gansu province

January 18, 2019

China's agriculture minister has announced today (January 18) that a new African swine fever outbreak was confirmed in the northwestern province of Gansu.

The outbreak occurred on a farm with 190 live pigs in the city of Lanzhou, infecting 143 of the animals and killing 37, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement

China has already reported around 100 outbreaks of the disease in 24 provinces and cities since August. The disease is deadly to hogs, but it does not affect people.

Clinical signs of ASF

General signs:

  • High fever 40-42 ° C.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Depression
  • Vomiting and / or diarrhea.
  • White skinned pigs: extremities (nose, ears, tail and lower legs) become cyanotic (blue-purple color).
  • Discrete haemorrhages appear in the skin particularly on the ears and flanks.
  • Group will huddle together and are usually shivering.
  • Abnormal breathing
  • Heavy discharge from eyes and / or nose.
  • Lethargic- sometimes refusal to stand or move.
  • Very unsteady when stood up.
  • Comatose state and death within a few days.

Pregnant sows commonly undergo miscarriage or deliver stillborn piglets that are malformed – piglets can be tested for the virus.

Steps for prevention

Do not feed domestic pigs food waste; this is illegal in the UK, other EU regions and some states within the US. Where 'allowed garbage feeding' is legal in US states, pigs are fed this way are prohibited from exportation.

Do not leave food waste exposed for wild swine species to access. Dispose of food waste properly.

Abide by strict biosecurity rules. Do not take a pig meat on farms, or restrict all food (and consumption of food) to a canteen. All staff on farm should be inducted into a strict program of hand and equipment sanitation before and after contact with pigs.

Follow regulations and regulations on disposal of food waste at ferry ports and airports.

Provide the means for staff and visitors to thoroughly sanitize their hands and equipment.

Make sure That wild boar, warthogs and wild pigs, and materials potentially contaminated by such wild species do not come into contact with domestic pigs.

Check Infected regions before importation of goods that could potentially be contaminated.

Advise and educate people about the risks of bringing back pork products from infected regions.

Learn more about African swine fever

Click here to visit The Pig Site ASF page

Source: Reuters

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