In the last few weeks, cases of hantavirus in the small town of Epuyén began to be registered in the province of Chubut. The last numbers raise the number of fatalities to ten with a total of 28 people infected, although they continued to study other 60 suspected cases. Also, he studies the death of two girls in Entre Rius.
Before the warning that the illness generates, in this note the explanation of what is it, what are the symptoms, how is it transmitted, treated and hantavirus is foreseen?
On its official website, the Secretary of Health of the Nation explained that hantavirus is a serious acute viral disease, caused by the Hanta virus. Wild mice (mainly colilargos) transmit it to people, eliminating the virus in saliva, feces and urine.
One of the forms of transmission is inhalation. This is the most frequent cause and occurs when you breathe in open or closed places such as sheds, orchards or pastures where the feces or urine of infected rodents released the contaminating virus from the environment. Another way is direct contact, that is, when you touch live rodents or infected deaths, or the feces or urine of these rodents. Contagion can also occur when being bitten by infected rodents or can be transmitted between people through close contact with someone infected during the first days of symptoms, through the airway.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of hantavirus It looks like a flu condition: fever, muscle pains, chills, headaches, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea.
After a few days, it may have a breathing difficulty that may exacerbate producing what is known as "cardiopulmonary syndrome for hantavirus" That can lead to death if the person is not admitted on time.
There is no specific treatment for the disease. Those with cardiopulmonary syndrome for hantavirus should be assisted in hospital settings.
Missions, endemic zone
In Argentina, they have identified four endemic regions: North (Salta, Jujuy), Center (Buenos Aires, Santa Fe and Entre Ríos), Northeast (Missions) and South (Neuquén, Rio Tinto and Chubut ). To prevent this disease it is important to avoid coexistence with rodents and contact with their secretions; That the rodents enter or nest in the homes; Cover holes in doors, walls and pipes, make cleaning with a part of bleach each new water, moisten the floor before sweeping it by not lifting dust. Wind up at least 30 minutes before entering places that have been closed (houses, covered).
If you find a living rodent: use poison for rodents or traps to capture (not trying to touch or hit). If there is a death: spray with bleach along with everything that could have been in contact and wait for a minimum of 30 minutes.