In the province, throughout last year they registered 15 cases of hantavirus of which two were fatal. The figure was ratified by health authorities in the middle of the outbreak of the disease in Chubut. They clarified that this amount is maintained within the usual figures for the santafesino territory. As far as 2019, There were no cases in Santa Fe.
The director of provincial Epidemiology, Julio Befani, indicated that of the total cases in the province during 2018 one was registered in Rosario, one in the city of Santa Fe and the rest were contagions "scattered throughout the province".
"Hantavirus is a common illness in Santa Fe," Befani explained in a dialogue with Rosario3.com and said that it is a situation different from that of the south of the country, where there is a great alarm.
There, an interhuman transmission is investigated as the main method of contagion and the variety is the "Hantavirus Andes".
In contrast, in the province of Santa Fe the variety of the virus is called Lechiguana and according to the provincial authorities were cases of environmental contamination, that is, through fecal matter and the urine of the rodents.
Symptoms and prevention measures
In that sense, the Ministry of Health of the province recalled the fundamental measures to prevent it hantavirus, a viral disease severe acute, which is transmitted to humans through a rodent known as "colilargo".
"People get sick by taking control of the saliva, feces and urine of the rodents," said the Santafesin ministry.
Also by inhalation when they breathe in open or closed places, where the feces or urine of the infected rodents released the virus by contaminating the environment, water or food. In addition it can be by direct contact when touching living rodents or dead infected or by bite of these.
It was reported in certain areas of the country – the case of Epuyen -, the person-to-person transmission.
Hantavirus is included in febrile syndromes. Symptoms begin like a flu with fever, great decay, muscle aches and colds.
Subsequently, low blood pressure, abrupt tachycardia and increased temperature. In some cases it often also causes gastroenteritis with vomiting, usually accompanied by diarrhea.
After a few days there may be respiratory difficulties, which can be aggravated by producing what is known as "cardiopulmonary syndrome by hantavirus", although it is rare it can lead to death if it is not treated in time.
The colilargo mouse
The colilargo mouse, transmitted by hantavirus, lives in several regions of the country: the Paraná forest and the Delta islands, the Pampan region, the dry Chaco, the Yungas of Salta and Jujuy and the Patagonian forest, where this year was registered an outbreak that has already left ten dead.
The specialist said that the best known is that of the Patagonian forest, which this year caused "an outbreak outbreak, in a small town with more intense interhuman infection".
The colilargo mouse also lives in the region of the Paraná forest and the Delta islands, which encompass part of the provinces of Entre Ríos and Buenos Aires, and in the Pampan region, that is to say the province of Buenos Aires and the surrounding area of the capital of the country.
Likewise, it is present in the dry Chaco (the provincial west), and in the yungas of Salta and Jujuy.
The cases in the country
Due to this wide distribution is that, every year, cases of hantavirus are registered in several places of Argentina.
"The number of cases in 2017 and 2018 was identical: 98 every year"Rodríguez said, adding that the historical mortality rate calculated is" between 18 and 40%. "
As far as 2019, there were 12 killed by hantavirus in the country: 10 in the town of Epuyén, one in Salta and another in Gualeguaychú, Entre Ríos.
Meanwhile, there is a confirmed case in Almirante Brown, province of Buenos Aires, and another 28 in Chubut.