Perhaps for many, his name sounds "sick" of the past, completely eradicated. But that is not the case. New cases were detected in Argentina. This is one chronic infectious disease produced by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae (or "Hansen bacillus"). It may have a period of incubation very long (Up to 10 years), depending on the patient's immunity. Preferentially affects the skin and the peripheral nerves and can also affect certain internal organs.
from Ministry of Health of the Province of Missions local media reported that during 2018 they were detected 36 cases of leprosy. Of the total number of infected patients, 26 were the patients who achieved medical discharge after finishing the treatment, sanitary authorities were consigned.
How is contagia?
Not all of us are susceptible to getting the disease. Under normal conditions, the body develops natural "barriers" against the bacteria. However hi people with few defenses who have a greater risk of getting the disease to "direct and extended contact"With patients who are not diagnosed or who are not receiving treatment. Therefore, the diagnosis and control of the patient until their medical discharge is very important," as well as the control of their survivors, "they emphasized from the healthcare portfolio.
To prevent it is recommended look for spots on the skin and go to the doctor immediately, the specialists emphasize that it is a "slow illness" because the question is key.
What is the treatment of leprosy?
Dr. Juan Rusiñol (MN 74,521), a member of the Dermatology Department of the German Hospital, explained that the treatment is ambulatory And it consists in the combination of different antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs by mouth and for periods between 6 and 12 months, According to the type of leprosy that is presented. The disease is curable if it is complied with the treatment in complete form.
The key is the early consultation before a clinical sign for early diagnosis, the proper treatment of the patient and the control of his family. the prevention It consists of diagnosing and treating it precociously and controlling the people who live in the same house. The treated patient can develop his life in a normal way.
The situation at country level
Although Argentina achieved the goal of elimination defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) with a lower rate of 1 every 10 thousand inhabitantsIn recent years there are still cases of this illness, as explained in this note. In our country, leprosy is characterized by its moderate endemicity and focus on certain geographical areas such as NEA provinces, NOA and the country's center, although it is believed to be related to internal migrations and occasionally from neighboring countries such as Bolivia and Paraguay.