New cases are detected leprosy In Argentina, what seemed like an eradicated disease again alarm society. From the Ministry of Health of the province of missions They warned that there were 36 damaged people during 2018.
Of the total number of infected patients, only 26 patients had their medical discharge after finishing treatment, the health authorities of this province have been informed.
What is it about?
It is a chronic infectious disease that is produced by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae (or "Hansen bacillus") and can reach a very long period of incubation, up to 10 years, depending on the immunity of each patient. In addition, it preferably affects the skin and the peripheral nerves, as well as some internal organs.
How is it contracted?
Keep in mind that not all people are susceptible to getting this chronic infection, as the body often develops defenses against the bacteria.
This means that the most defenseless people are more likely to get "direct and prolonged contact" with patients who are not diagnosed or who are not receiving treatment, they warned from the Missions health portfolio.
What is the treatment against leprosy?
Dr. Juan Rusiñol (MV 74,521), a member of the Dermatology Department of the German Hospital, explained that the treatment is ambulatory and consists of the combination of different antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs by oral route and by periods of # 39; Between 6 and 12 months, depending on the type of leprosy that is presented. The disease is curable if it is complied with the treatment in complete form.
The key is the early consultation before a clinical sign for early diagnosis, the proper treatment of the patient and the control of his family. Prevention is to diagnose and treat it precociously and to control people who live in the same house. The treated patient can develop his life in a normal way, according to TN.
How is the situation in Argentina regarding this disease?
Although in the country we reach the goal of elimination defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) with a rate of less than 1 every 10 thousand inhabitants, in recent years there are still cases of # 39; this illness Here, the infection is characterized by its moderate endemicity and focus on certain geographic areas such as the NEA, NOA and the country's provinces, although it is believed to be related to internal migrations and occasionally neighboring countries such as Bolivia and Paraguay.