NASA announced this weekend that engineers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California were making a last-ditch effort to get the Mars Opportunity rover to respond to commands.
Exhausting All Possible Remedies
Having spent the past several months trying to get Opportunity-which was disabled by a planet-wide storm of dust last summer-to respond to commands without success, engineers have come up with three highly unlikely scenarios that could prevent the rover from transmitting back to Earth.
Engineers are issuing commands to the rover to see if its primary x-band radio, which it uses to communicate with Earth, has failed; whether both its primary x-band radio has failed as well as its secondary x-band back up radio; and finally whether its internal clock has been offset in some way, which could inhibit its ability to communicate.
All three scenarios would require a very unlikely chain of events for the Opportunity's systems to end up in one of these states. If they did occur, however, the options for Opportunity's team of engineers would be to instruct the rover to switch to its backup x-band radio, if available; use UHF transmission if it is not; or to reset its internal clock, depending on the specific failure.
"We have and will continue to use multiple techniques in our attempts to contact the rover," said Opportunity's project manager at JPL, John Callas. "These new command strategies are in addition to the 'sweep and beep' commands we have been transmitting to the rover since September."
"Sweep and beep" is what the engineers at the JPL call the attempt to contact the rover via radio and issuing it an instruction to "beep" them back over their radio as a way to signal that it is still alive, rather than simply waiting for a signal from the rover.
In either case, Opportunity has been silent.
Ideas-and Time-Are Running Out
The clock, offset or not, is ticking.
The area where Opportunity was located when JPL lost contact is coming to the end of its "dust-clearing season." This is the time of year when Winds of Mars are strong enough to potentially clear the dust covering the solar panels Opportunity, which is preventing it from recharging its batteries.
What's more, the hemisphere Opportunity is in approaching winter, when temperatures are expected to plunge into dangerously low for the unpowered rover, potentially causing fatal damage to its electrical components, wiring, computer systems, or its batteries.
A Noble End for the Intrepid NASA Rover?
JPL engineers lost contact with Opportunity on June 10th, 2018, after the rover was consumed by a planet-wide dust storm that blotted out the sun, forcing the rover to rely on battery power for almost a month without recharging.
This happened in the 15th year of what was meant to be a 4-year-long mission in a hostile alien environment. That it continued to contribute to our understanding of Mars all these years have endeared the rover to NASA scientists and engineers, and even the public.
Hang in there, Opportunity! #OppyPhoneHome ❤️ #mars #marsrover #Opportunity #NASA #JPL #goforlaunchcomics @MarsRovers @NASA @NASAJPL @tweetsoutloud @NASAJPL_Edu @govspaceagent @lorengrush @SPACEdotcom pic.twitter.com/rWNxxEJrPo
– Abby Garrett (@abbygarrettX) June 18, 2018
"Over the past seven months we have tried to contact Opportunity over 600 times," Callas said. "While we have not heard from the rover and the probability that we are ever going to decrease every day, we plan to continue pursuing every solution logical that could put us back into touch."
And if not, "the project team would again consult with the Mars Program Office at JPL and NASA Headquarters to determine the path forward," according to a statement put out by NASA.