Hemolytic uremic syndrome (SUH), rotavirus or botulism, are some of the diseases that appear most at this time of year
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (SUH), rotavirus or botulism are some of the diseases that appear most in summer to consume unsafe foods that, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), affect 600 million people at Yearly and generate expenses for about $ 100,000 million in middle and low income countries.
"Food-borne illnesses (ETA) are more frequent in summer, as humidity and temperature conditions facilitate the rapid growth of germs and the generation of toxins in contaminated products," explained the gastroenterologist Silvina Gonçalves.
The specialist warned that the most affected groups are young children, pregnant women, older adults and patients with the altered immune system, such as transplanted, immunosuppressed or people with HIV or cancer.
"Meals can be considered unsafe when due to lack of hygiene and health or due to their origin and preservation they are capable of producing food poisonings or infectious diseases. Badly-chilled creams allow the proliferation of bacteria, chacinates made with pork Uncontrolled can cause trichinosis or homemade cheeses without pasteurization can cause brucellosis, "the pediatrician pediatrician doctor Elizabeth Bogdanowicz also wrote.
The expert, a member of the Argentine Society of Pediatrics (SAP), explained that ETA can be of bacterial origin, such as salmonellosis, SUH, botulism and typhoid fever; Virus, such as norvirus, rotavirus or hepatitis A; or caused by parasites, such as toxoplasmosis, hydatidosis or trichinosis.
"Although ETAs are not necessarily seasonal, because they can occur at any time during the summer, the summer season is especially critical for food safety, as high temperatures favor the development of microorganisms," he said. Bogdanowicz said.
THE CLIMATE AND MENU
"The humid climate," continued the specialist, "high temperatures, incorrect manipulation, lack of cooking or inadequate cooking and distraction of hygiene are the main factors that can lead to pollution of the soil. a food and cause poisoning and infections, frequent in the summer. "
According to Gonçalves, in the United States the ETA causes annually 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths.
"To prevent food poisoning you should wash your hands frequently and always before cooking or cleaning. You must also wash them always after you have touched raw meat," he recommended.
He also advised to clean the dishes and utensils that have been in contact with cow, fish, chicken or raw eggs, cook at a temperature suitable for each type of meat and refrigerate perishable foods or envelopes inside two-hour period.
For his part, Bogdanowicz agreed and added "protect food and the kitchen area of insects, pets and other animals and keep food in separate containers, to avoid contact between raw and cooked" .
Among the recommendations, specialists suggest that they do not defrost food at room temperature, as some bacteria could multiply very quickly, and avoid chopping the cold chain, because in summer, foods are more susceptible.