Prescription opioids can negatively affect work and unemployment at the national level, according to the findings of a new study co-authored by economists at the University of Tennessee , Knoxville, and posted on The Journal of Human Resources.
The study, which examined county-level data across the United States, found that a 10 percent increase in opioid per capita recipes led to a 0.6 percentage point drop in rates of participation of the labor force and an increase of 0.1 percentage points in the county unemployment rates.
The study, which measures the causal effects of opiate in the workplace, is the first of its kind to be published in a magazine reviewed by experts, said Matt Harris, assistant professor at the Center Boyd of Business and Economic Research of UT, and co-author of the study.
"The effects are really great," Harris said. "Prescription opioids can account for up to half of the decline of participation in the workplace since the year 2000".
Harris was co-author of the article, "Prescription Opioids and Duties of the Labor Market," with Larry Kessler, Matt Murray, and Beth Glenn, now a postdoctoral scholar at the University of Tulane. Researchers were urged to investigate a link between labor markets and opiate use after employers began asking why no-one was asking for job openings.
"We have found that opioids have this strong adverse effect on the participation of the workforce but only a marginally significant effect on the unemployment rate, which leads us to believe that opioids are leading people to get out of the hand of work, "said Kessler.
Tennessee is among the states with the highest number of heavy opioid receptive professionals. On average, Tennessee providers write 1,4 opioid prescriptions per person per year. At the average dose per prescription, this rate is equivalent to prescribing 80 opiate dose to each man, woman and child in Tennessee every year.
The researchers emphasize that addressing the opioid epidemic will require considerable funding and a growing focus on therapeutic therapy. In addition to neutralizing the adverse health effects of the epidemic, they said, there are considerable economic gains that must be reached at the time of addressing the problem main addiction.
"The results suggest that in Tennessee, income could be increased among residents effectively at $ 800 million annually if opioid use is reduced by 10 percent," said Harris.
Other key findings include:
* The harmful effect of the opiates prescribed in the labor markets is true for both rural and non-rural counties.
* Prescription opioids have the strongest adverse effects on counties with higher rates of labor force participation and lower unemployment rates, perhaps suggesting that you have already done an opioid-related harm in areas with low participation of the work hand.