Thursday , March 4 2021

Unlike what is believed, the cold beer does not serve to hydrate the body – Society



With the high temperatures for many it increases the temptation to take "a brewery" or some other fresh alcoholic beverage. However, alcohol consumption not only increases the sensation of heat and discomfort but may also involve more health risks as it inhibits the body's protection and self-regulation mechanisms.

The situation could involve more chances of heat stroke and even the risk of syncope. But on the other hand, it can enhance certain natural reactions which could also generate a decompensation.

More heat sensation. One of the effects of alcohol is vasodilation, which implies feeling more hot immediately after consuming it. This was explained by the director of Toxicology of the province of Mendoza, Sergio Saracco.

Hypotension. This substance acts at the level of the central nervous system and depresses it, but also because it is vasodilator produces a low blood pressure. This can increase this effect that already generates heat alone and adds to the feeling of exhaustion and lack of energy that gives the body this fight against heat. It is that compensating and self-regulating is a great effort for him. That is why the night is particularly tired.

"In hot days the body compensates for the loss of heat and produces vasodilatation, if one drinks alcohol there is a more marked hypotension and increases the risk of sincope"the specialist emphasized.

Dehydration. To compensate outside heat the body uses sweating but at the same time if it detects dehydration it inhibits the loss of liquids. He does this through the antidiuretic hormone that controls the balance of liquids in the body, if he has little or no urine.

Alcohol consumption could alter this: "Alcohol inhibits the antidiuretic hormone and therefore has a diuretic effect, alters the normal physiological responses of the organism's protection to certain situations, in this case heat, violates the natural response of protection," he explained.

The excessive loss of liquids also implies that of salts that are required for organic operation, which can affect health. This also impacts on blood pressure.

Sweating. The professional also said that it can affect sweating because it is vasodilator, "it becomes more and helps with dehydration."

Believe that alcohol moisturizes. It can be mistaken for any of these drinks to moisturize and therefore do not consume anything that does. This is not the case and therefore fresh water must be taken always and in particular when it is hot to compensate for the loss of liquids.

The strategy

The consumption of some alcoholic beverages is so incorporated that for more than one it is difficult to avoid the temptation of frozen beer after a strenuous day of heat. For others it will be another drink. The matter is whether it can be done or not. Although the ideal is to avoid it: if there was no possible strategy.

You should drink fresh water before consuming it.

The doctor explained that if one gets hot and is going to drink an alcoholic drink it will happen that it consumes more and not hydrate. Therefore, the ideal is to take one or two glasses of fresh water before, to cool the body and then drink the drink in question.

The heat stroke

High temperatures cause discomfort, heaviness, exhaustion, headache and even irascibility and bad mood. However, the greatest risk is the heat stroke that can have more risky consequences in particular for certain people.

It is the increase in body temperature, which can happen when there is prolonged exposure to the sun at high temperatures, it stays in unheated or hot environments, or physical stress is made.

In this situation the body dehydrates, loses liquids and essential salts for its operation. The ability to regulate its temperature is altered and it is decomposed.

Given the current wave of heat, the Ministry of Health gives certain recommendations to avoid risks.

How to prevent heat stroke?

Dehydration or gastrointestinal disorders can be prevented by drinking plenty of water throughout the day, avoiding outdoor exercise in hours of intense sunlight and staying in cool, ventilated areas. Also lightweight clothing that favors heat loss should be used and babies often give their breasts.

Who are most at risk?

Babies and children, elderly people and persons with chronic diseases (heart, kidney, mental or neurological, among others) are at greater risk. Those with disabilities, children with fever due to another cause or diarrhea, obese or malnourished. Also those who abuse alcohol, drugs or have skin burned by the sun.

Symptoms

Heat exhaustion is the first alarm signal since it is a stage prior to the heat stroke.
It can also be presented:
– Excessive happiness.
-In babies, you can see the skin very irritated by the sweat on the neck, chest, armpits, elbow folds and the diaper area.
-Palid and fresh skin.
-Suffient heat sensation.
-Sess intense and dryness in the mouth.
-Muscle wicks.
-Actuation, tiredness or weakness.
-Domorous stomachs, lack of appetite, nausea or vomiting.
-Dolors.
-Irritability. I'm crying inconsolable in the little ones.
– Missing or fainting
When the picture gets worse:
– Body temperature 39 ° 40 ° or greater, measured in the armpit.
-Hair hot and dry skin: perspiration is exhausted.
-Respiration and accelerated heart rate.
-Boast throbbing.
-Alteration of the mental state and behavior, such as vertigo, dizziness disorientation, delusions, confusion or loss of knowledge.
-Convulsions

-How to act before discomfort?

– Try to cool the body by offering fresh water, wrap it in a wet sheet, expose it to the air stream or in front of a fan.
– Put the person in a cool environment
– You can give water with half a teaspoon of salt per liter
– Leave it with as little clothing as possible and shower it as possible
– call the health service.

The Andes.


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