11:57, 12 November 2018
By the end of the next decade, nearly eleven million children aged five years around the world endanger dying of viral or bacterial pneumonia, according to the study. This follows from an analysis by scientists at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, USA, and the Save the Children helpdesk, published on World Lung Disease Day.
In developing countries
While in industrialized countries, mainly older people develop pneumonia, developing countries are mostly children. In 2016 alone, according to the study, more than 880,000 children, most of them younger than two, died of this disease. Based on previous data, some countries in Africa and South Asia are likely to be among the worst affected countries. For example, Nigeria and India have 1.7 million lung infant deaths, 700,000 in Pakistan, and 635,000 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
At the same time, the authors of the study pointed out that many deaths can be prevented by relatively simple measures. For example, better vaccination coverage, cheap antibiotics and good nutrition for children can save 4.1 million lives.
Despite knowledge and resources
Save the Children's chief, Kevin Watkins, said it was incredible that "almost a million children die each year from a disease in which we have the knowledge and means of conquest." For pneumonia, unlike other dangerous diseases, there is no "pink loop, global peaks or marshes." "But for anyone who cares about justice for children and their access to basic health care, this forgotten killer should be a definite concern for our time," said Vatkins. Among other things, prices for existing vaccines against bacterial pneumonia should be reduced "dramatically".
Even before malaria, diarrhea and smallpox
Every year, more children worldwide die of lungs than malaria, diarrhea and smallpox. The goals of sustainable United Nations development by 2030 include "completion of child-abating fatalities". In 2005, 125 serious pneumococcal infections were reported in Austria. In 2017, there were 545 all age groups. In 2012, Austria included pneumococcal immunization in free children's vaccination programs. It uses a vaccine that protects more than ten types of bacteria. All adults over the age of 50, as well as chronically ill, are generally recommended to take a vaccine. Currently, an action is taking place with discounted vaccines through pharmacies.