Kufstein, Wörgl – A woman from the Kufstein district has been diagnosed with measles. This was announced by the state of Tirol on Tuesday in a statement. "The patient is in the district hospital Kufstein under forty in medical care," said the district chief Christoph Platzgummer. The Wörgl area also suspects a second disease independent of male measles.
All precautions had been taken immediately and they had initiated the necessary clarification measures to prevent further spread of the disease, he said. The second case of suspicion, however, has not yet been confirmed by laboratory results. Possibly it was reported to people in danger of extinction who were in contact with both patients.
The disease is transmitted through droplets issued during speech, cough or sneezing and, therefore, it is considered very contagious. In the fever of the pre-established phase, muscular injuries, dry cough and conjunctivitis occur. After three to five days, a large leaf rash with renewed high fever and severe discomfort affects the entire body. The average duration of the incubation period is two weeks.
As soon as the first signs of illness develop in relation to a possible case of infectious measles, interested people should stay at home and avoid contact with other people without protection, especially with pregnant women, children and people with conditions immunocompromisionals. Measles protected are those that have already been affected by measles or have been vaccinated twice with the appropriate vaccine. (APA)
Measles, one of the most contagious diseases
Measles are a worldwide infectious disease transmitted by the measles virus (Morbilli virus, a paramagovirus). It is one of the most contagious diseases of all: virtually all non-immune people who have contact with a patient with measles are infected with the pathogen.
The virus is usually transmitted by drop infection, that is, talking, sneezing, coughing, so the infection can also occur at higher distances, for example from one room to another. In the typical course of the disease it occurs between eight and 14 days after infection by fever, headache, headache, cough and eye conjunctivitis. In the second to the third day of the disease there is redness of the palate and white spots typical of the mucosa of the cheek, followed by a fall of fever and from the fourth day of the illness until the appearance of the characteristic eruption red and blot. This is from the face throughout the body and goes back after a week with the formation of dandruff.
Anyone who has contracted a measles usually has a life-long protection. You can only get measles once.
However, measles is nothing more than a harmless childhood illness. The World Health Organization (WHO) warned about the rapid increase in infections only at the end of 2018. In 2017, a 30 percent more cases were reported worldwide than in the previous year Previously, the organization of the UN reported. According to this, in 2017, 110,000 people died around the world, most of them children. Also in Austria, cases of measles occur again and again, although this could be avoided by constant vaccination.
Infection with viruses greatly weaken the human immune system. About one in ten patients develop average (otitis media) inflammation, which is usually caused by bacteria (called bacterial superinfection). About every twenty cases of measles causes bronchitis or pneumonia (pneumonia), which is triggered by the same virus or by a bacterial superinfection.
A particularly feared complication is called measles encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain that occurs in one of every 1,000 to 2,000 diseases and that is fatal in ten to 40% of cases. In others, from 20 to 40 percent of the cases, there will be permanent consequential damage. In extremely rare cases, a late-onset episode called the subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), a slow brain disease that ends in death. In addition, there is a greater risk of developing diphtheria, pertussis or tuberculosis during measles infection.
The measles vaccine is especially important because it can not be treated in a causative way, an illness that was completely erupted. On the other hand, antibiotics can be used against bacterial superinfection.