Meditation can be as effective as possible in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as current therapy
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(AFP) – Meditation can be effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a current therapy, according to a study by US soldiers treated for PTSD on Friday, psychiatry Lancet.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs after a traumatic event in the context of death, death threats, serious injuries or sexual assault.
It is distinguished especially by repetitive and invasive memories of the event, nightmares, avoiding any element (place, situation) that resembles a trauma, states of irritability or depression.
Post-traumatic stress disorder is often found among bomb victims and soldiers (14% of US soldiers serving in Iraq or Afghanistan are victims).
Among current treatments, exposure therapy is often used. This involves bringing a person with PTSD to gradually expose situations, places, images, sensations, noise, smells and memories associated with a traumatic event, in order to "get used" to stop the intense response of traumatic elements, and thus reduces avoidance.
But this technique is painful for PTSD victims, and 30-45% of patients leave the treatment, says the study.
Researchers at three US universities tested meditation practice with a study of 203 former US soldiers with PTSD.
Soldiers, men and women were divided into three groups: meditation was practical, the second on exposure therapy, and the third one had a theoretical course on posttraumatic stress.
60% of former soldiers who practiced 20 minutes of meditation on a daily basis significantly improved their symptoms and were likely to complete the study than those exposed to exposure therapy.
Meditation refers to focusing the mind on an object or idea in order to reach the state of consciousness, calm and calm.
"Meditation can be practiced alone, almost anywhere, at any time, without specialized equipment or personalized support," said Sanford Niditch, lead author of the study, AFP.
"Faced with the growing problem of posttraumatic stress in the United States, Britain and elsewhere, alternative therapies such as meditation must be part of the options of health authorities," he said. that.