Thursday , July 7 2022

Resistance to antibiotics: 5 questions that arise: Current woman MAG


The phenomenon of antimicrobial resistance is concerned with the health authorities. According to the OECD, super-bacteria could kill 2.4 million people by 2050. However, simple measures can be taken to combat this crime.

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) warns of excessive consumption of antibiotics, in a report released on Wednesday (November 7th).

Ultimately, antibiotic-resistant bacteria could kill 2.4 million people by 2050 in Europe, North America and Australia. Therefore, the urgency of reducing the consumption of antibiotics. Here are 4 questions to find out more about antimicrobial resistance.

What is antimicrobial resistance?

"Antimicrobial resistance is the emergence of a bacterium that becomes resistant to antibiotics", defines the website of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health. Bacteria, which are "used" by this type of drug, transform and develop defense mechanisms. The result? Antibiotics become ineffective in treating these infections.

What are the causes of antimicrobial resistance?

Resistance to antibiotics is caused by too much and repeated use of antibiotics. But antibiotics also work on the bacteria of the infection that is treated and on those that are important to the body. Therefore, all bacteria can develop resistance mechanisms to antibiotics.

What are the consequences of antimicrobial resistance?

"Resistance to antibiotics jeopardizes our current lifestyle and endangers all the advances that medicine has done for more than 70 years", reports the website of the Ministry of Health. "If excessive use of antibiotics has not been stopped, antimicrobial resistance could become one of the leading causes of death in the world".

Without effective antibiotics, the risk of medical interventions, such as surgery or chemotherapy, would be too high and therefore impossible. The illness will last longer and can be a source of serious complications.

Which category of population is most affected by this evil?

"The probability of getting a resistant infection is considerably higher for children in the first year, and for adults 70 years or more", warns in a statement by the OECD. On the other hand, men are more likely than women to develop a resistant infection.

How to stop antimicrobial resistance?

The OECD report shows that three out of four deaths from these infections can be prevented by simple measures: fostering better hygiene (hand washing), better explaining the use of antibiotics, giving patients a quick diagnosis to determine whether they have viral or bacterial infections, postpone antibiotic recipe or organize awareness campaigns in the media.

Read also:

⋙ VHO warns of antibiotics: how to use them?

Taking antibiotics would increase the risk of developing kidney stones

6 Misconceptions about antibiotics

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