As artificial intelligence becomes more useful and more widespread, workers everywhere become anxious about how a new era of automation can affect their professional perspectives.
A recent study by Pew Research He found that in ten advanced and emerging economies, most workers expected computers to do much of the work done by humans within 50 years. The workers are clearly anxious about the effects on the labor market of artificial intelligence and automation.
Estimates of the amount of workload that could be automated vary from 9% to 47%. The McKinsey consultant estimates until 800 million workers worldwide could be displaced by robotic automation by 2030. Some jobs will change dramatically, while others will disappear completely.
So, if automation makes the job market a bit similar to a set of musical chairs, is there any way to make sure that you're still busy when the music stops? Can education help you test your career?
Your career is easier to indicate at the time of choosing a safe job and more about the constant updating of your skills throughout your career, according to the president of the University of Northeastern, Joseph Aoun, who wrote Robot-Proof: Higher Education in the Age of Artificial Intelligence.
He says that education must radically change if workers are adapting to this new environment. His solution, which he calls humanism, has three basic pillars:
Technical capacity: understand how machines work and how to interact with them. As artificial intelligence and robotics become more and more skillful, machines will enter roles once monopolized by human being. Some employees will not last, but others will find themselves working with machines, and they will probably be much more productive. Workers with a coding base and engineering principles will be better able to prosper in this new type of workplace.
Discipline of data: navigate the sea of the information generated by these machines. Workers will need data literacy to read, analyze and use information almost without background information that is increasingly guiding them from the main business decisions to acquisition options to purchase decisions.
And human discipline: "what we humans can do that machines for the foreseeable future can not emulate." Aoun says that this includes creativity, cultural agility, empathy and the ability to obtain information in a context and apply it to another. In educational terms, this means less emphasis on the classroom and a greater emphasis on experiential learning.
The World Economic Forum suggests that many white-collar jobs, such as accounting, will run the risk of future automation, while the OECD says poorly-qualified jobs will be more vulnerable and there will still be a strong correlation between education and income. Either way, the abilities are canceling faster than ever.
A generation ago, the average life of a skill was about 26 years. Today, four and a half years ago they fall: Indranil Roy
"A generation ago, the average life of a skill was about 26 years ago, and this was the model for a career. Today, four and a half years ago and low," says Indranil Roy, chief from the Center of Excellence of the Future of Work, created by the global consultant Deloitte.
Aoun says the rapid pace of change is not necessarily a negative one, but it means that you will probably never overcome the task. It also means that universities must change their approach to education and the permanent training of middle-class workers.
"We are constantly becoming obsolete. And in some way, this is a great opportunity for all of us to re-educate and update ourselves. Those who can do it will be able to flourish," he says.
Aoun is concerned that the current tertiary education system is not equipped for this new reality. He says that many universities are too focused on 4-year baccalaureate courses and academic research.
Equally important to help students graduate, he says, is helping students master "human discipline". The solution is a much greater emphasis on the world's real-world experience. This could mean doing a job or doing long-term practice while studying. In addition to professional experience, this gives students the life skills to negotiate and interact with their peers.
"It also allows you to see opportunities and see gaps, and this is where you can say" I'm going to start a company or not for profit, "he says.
Roy accepts that less tangible life skills are becoming increasingly important for many entrepreneurs. He says that some of the "more progressive" Deloitte clients use artificial intelligence for analytical skills, freelance for deep technical skills and they only occupy completely people with "life abilities" and values that are " 39; adjust closely with the organization. But he points out that they are competences that come mostly from a university environment.
McKinsey suggests that by 2030, labor force will spend 55% more time using technical skills than in 2016 World Economic ForumIn the meantime, it expects a net gain in the automation job, with some but more created job positions.
Roy says it probably means a job where robots work with humans, for example, says that some of Deloitte's clients have AI systems that attend and participate in meetings.
Aoun accepts that it is important to understand our change in our relationship with machines in the workplace, and adapt education accordingly.
"In the same way that once we have self-drive cars, driving education is clearly transformed. Technology will make some fields obsolete, but it will not make humans obsolete," he says.
Perhaps above all, Aoun says that humans need to focus on skills that are more difficult to replicate artificial intelligence. In particular, this means taking knowledge of a context or discipline and applying it to another. Humanics himself tries to combine three different disciplines.
"Humans are creative, innovative, entrepreneurs. We can interact with other people, work with them, be empathetic. We are capable of being culturally agile, working with people from different backgrounds. We are capable of being global," he said.
Roy says that universities, especially in the United States, Canada, and Australia, are increasingly focusing on interdisciplinary studies. However, tertiary institutions in other countries are still a little more traditional in their approach.
The technology is constantly increasing our expectations, with change the only certainty. Roy says he is "surprised every day" on the machines that break barriers.
Therefore, maybe I do not have enough to help workers to survive in a musical job market in the form of chairs. They may also need to survive in a place where all chairs are constantly moving.
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