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Scientific advances that could transform the world in 2019


This year, there were scientific advances with changing world events.

NASA launched its Parker Solar Probe to conduct an unprecedented study of the sun, while healthy mice with two genetic mothers emerged in October.

More controversially, Chinese scientist He Jiankui provoked shock waves in November when he claimed to have successfully modified the genes of twin children so they could not get HIV.

However, his research has not yet been verified by anyone else.

It is impossible to say precisely what will be in store 2019, but then there are several predictions and likely events that could be innovative.

Modified genetic creatures will be born

Genetically modified knights could be born

It was revealed at the end of December 2017 that scientists from Argentina had correctly re-written the genomes of cloned horses.

These machines are designed to be born this year and will undoubtedly be faster, stronger and better than their normally designed counterparts.

The team used a technique called Crispr to edit DNA and had planned to implant healthy embryos in a surrogate mother in two years.

We could see what looks like a black hole for the first time

A computer graphic of a black hole: could we see the first photo of a?

You can assume that, since you've heard a lot about black holes, it's possible that we've already seen one.

But the reality is that scientists have never been able to choose successfully, until next year anyway.

The event telescope (EHT) has already made the first observations about the supermassive black hole in the center of our galaxy.

According to New Scientist, these observations could include the first photo.

SpaceX could be launched with NASA astronauts on board

SpaceX could turn NASA astronauts into orbit

The SpaceX Capsule's Crew Dragon has been developed as a replacement for NASA space shuttles to transport up to seven astronauts to the International Space Station.

If a non-explored test flight is successful in January, a test flight will take place with astronauts later in the year.

The test of the next month will see that an SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carries the capsule before it kills the space station and returns to earth.

Could we see the arrival of a universal flu shot?

Do we approach a universal shot of flu?

The science news writer Aimee Cunningham has speculated if 2019 could see the arrival of the first universal flu shot.

It was reported last month how such development had entered phase 3 of the phase 3 test before the winter season.

The shot would mean that the vaccines that protect against the strains of the previous year will not be obsolete.

It could be protected against seasonal flu for years or the outbreak of a pandemic.

According to The Scientist, it has taken 20 years to reach this stage, so there is still a solution in the near future.

A new dawn on the exploration of the moon

In 2018 it could end up with a Chinese probe landing on the dark side of the Moon: this would be the first smooth landing on the far side of the lunar body.

But the nation has the ambition to catch up with the US and Russia as major space powers by 2030 and the current mission does not represent its only adventure for the moon next year.

Another vessel, apparently launched in 2019, will take the first moon rocks to the moon since 1976.

Both missions represent the beginning of a renewed interest in trying to reach the surface of the moon with the United States with the goal that astronauts will be played by the end of 2020.

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