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Stanford scientists use virtual reality to help save the real world



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Performing Virtual Reality (VR) of the acidification of the ocean of StanfordHuman interaction virtual laboratory of Stanford

The climate parliament, such as the "2C threshold" and "ocean acidification" did not push emotions much. But the consequences of these phenomena can easily overwhelm them: one hundred million people are expected to lose their lives in the next 11 years old due to climate change. Approximately 75% of all humans could die due to Deadly heat waves by 2100. Stanford researchers have scaled virtual reality (VR) as a powerful tool to make abstract climate threats more visceral and personal before the consequences of climate change become visceral and personal. A document published today in the magazine Borders in Psychology show how VR is a technology kick in the center of empathy that makes us galvanize to act before it's too late.

The study

The researchers used VR consumption gears and the acidification experience of the Stanford Ocean (SOAE) VR simulation in 4 different experiments. The participants had 270 students of high school, postgraduate and postgraduate students and adult assistants at the 2016 Tribeca Film Festival.

The SOAE shows the effects of climate change on our marine ecosystems. The simulation is available to the public for which it can be downloaded Free. You can choose between being an avatar of a bus or being a piece of pink coral that lives your best life in a submarine reef. That is, until all your submarine colored friends begin to die too much. The simulation time sets aside the underwater holocaust to an impressionable range. In a version, the voice of a narrator guides you:

Look at your right palm. Notice how acidity has corroded the shell of the marine screw. Take a moment to walk and look for sea snails in this area. Did not find any? This is because there are no live sea snails here. They can not survive in this environment. Ocean acidification will have a severe impact on all peeling species, including oysters, clams, chorales and certain types of plankton. Without these species, the whole food network can collapse. "

See study clips and SOAE:

The results

Participants score tests on ocean acidification after simulation increased by more than 100%. You have tried ocean acidification information and the retention was demonstrated more than three weeks later. The longer participants took part in the simulation, the more information they kept. & Nbsp;

The postdoctoral researcher, Geraldine Fauville, says that the team is working on the "act now" simulation, exploring "concrete actions that individuals can think and implement in their daily lives. " In the commercialization of science, this is the most important step in the sale of the message. Climate scientists and VR engineers could benefit from recruiting a Don Draper from marketing science to convince humanity to click on the "Act Now" button. & Nbsp;

The unexpected find

"In VR history, we have talked a lot about how to use it for education," says Jeremy Bailenson, a cognitive psychologist, founding director of the Virtual Human Interaction Laboratory at the University of Stanford and co-author of paper He says the study shows that "you can install VR correctly in a curriculum plan". People enjoy it. They learn There are no negative consequences. "I was expecting this discovery. What was interesting and unexpected is why VR seems to increase the knowledge and empathy. "In two of the four studies of this article, we can predict how many people are concerned about the environment and how much they want to learn more about the environment based on how much their body moves in the simulation." In VR studies, this is known as "cognition incorporated" and Bailenson believes that this is the mechanism that causes the message to resurrect. "Moving the body is the secret sauce here and what makes VR special," says Bailenson, while observing that the results are correlative, not necessarily causal.

From the role of Stanford: "The participants who explored more virtual space formed deeper cognitive associations with the content of science."

Today's study arises in an unpublished article published last month by a Nobel Prize winner and his team at the Max Planck Institute in Germany, that thought uses the navigation system of the brain and what knowledge is organized spatially.

The impact

The participants reported a positive VR experience. "It's very cool, very sensitive," says Cameron Chapman, 18. "I definitely felt like I was under water."

"It was much more realistic than I expected," says Senior Alexa Levison. "I am a visual student. Verifying that acidification of the ocean occurs is different from what is just heard about it."

An enthusiasm similar to the Tribeca Film Festival was seen:

Jane Rosenthal directs this event where it is a wing of the VR of the festival and there are dozens of booths where you can enter and do VR, "says & nbsp;Bailenson. "The festival takes place for a week. It is open from late afternoon until evening. We had a line of adults that sometimes had 100 people. They are waiting for an hour, sometimes two hours, basically to know the chemistry. "

The team showed the SOAE for Senator Sheldon Whitehouse of Rhode Island, congressman Suzanne Bonamici of Oregon and former senator Blanche Lincoln of Arkansas. "This simulation shows in great detail the damage caused by the contamination of coal in our oceans," said Whitehouse after the Capitol Hill event organized by the non-profit environmental protection group Ocean Conservancy. "I am grateful for the acidification of the ocean of Stanford to draw attention to the danger that our oceans face and what we have to do to protect them."

VR does not alter a fervent commitment to climate negation:

"I was fortunate to have a US congressman come to the laboratory and really realize the ocean acidification experience," says Bailenson, that the congressman is a changing vowel of climate change. "He served in our army in a surprising way. He arrived at the laboratory and was super respectful. He did two dozens of demonstrations where he in reality he did not go through the movements. "The congressman was cooperative and committed, but when Bailenson asked for comments on the climate education of VR, the answer he got was as depressing as a corroded sea snail:

Let's have this right, "Bailenson will deliberate." I am paraphrasing. I have not recorded it, so I do not have a direct appointment. The general notion of what he said was, you think you're presenting science. What I want to present is what we call democratic science. This is a capital D in a democratic one. That is, choose a particular type of science that would resonate with the Democrats, but that is not universal. I had not really heard this term before. I've heard it since then, because I've obviously seen it. It was such a discouraging moment that I had at a moment of work. The acidification of the Stanford ocean has been intensively controlled by the number of scientists, our brilliant colleagues, [marine scientists] Kristy Kroeker and Fio Micheli. All this is based on his work, where each detail that covers from how many centimeters is this snail now with this kind of coral, all these details, "Bailenson stammers." "We take a lot of time and effort and only the notion that polarization is high enough that marine science is discounted as a democrat, it was not a culminating point."

The congressman advised Bailenson about what he could do differently to convince people about climate change and its effects.

He was careful not to enter the scientific details of the climate change models in particular. Because I do not think I've been playing things, I was very comfortable talking. He talked about the problem with the policy discussions on climate change is that it is always affecting its voters. In its district, fracking is very large and natural gas is very large. He urged me if I tried to make VR messages about conservation of the environment, to show clearly how the economic objectives are not in contrast ".

The other suggestion was what Bailenson had heard before: framing the conversation in terms of how climate change affects changes in migration patterns and how this affects things like the hunting season. "In general, it was a conversation where a boy who had a surprising record at the service of our country, who was a very prominent lawmaker, who really tried it, at the end of the day, just rejected what we have built as a democratic science ".

Using VR, Bailenson managed to educate officers in the island island of Palau on negative environmental impacts. You can read about your work that influences legislators regarding conservation in an article written for Bailenson National Geographic.

Learn more about VR, education, and environmental conservation experiments in Bailenson & # 39; s Laboratory of virtual human interaction at the University of Stanford.

* The Gordon Foundation and Betty Moore provided funding for this investigation.

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Performing Virtual Reality (VR) of the acidification of the ocean of StanfordHuman interaction virtual laboratory of Stanford

The climate parliament, such as the "2C threshold" and "ocean acidification" did not push emotions much. But the consequences of these phenomena can easily overwhelm them: one hundred million people are expected to lose their lives in the next 11 years old due to climate change. Approximately 75% of all humans could die due to Deadly heat waves by 2100. Stanford researchers have scaled virtual reality (VR) as a powerful tool to make abstract climate threats more visceral and personal before the consequences of climate change become visceral and personal. A document published today in the magazine Borders in Psychology show how VR is a technology kick in the center of empathy that makes us galvanize to act before it's too late.

The study

The researchers used VR consumption gears and the acidification experience of the Stanford Ocean (SOAE) VR simulation in 4 different experiments. The participants had 270 students of high school, postgraduate and postgraduate students and adult assistants at the 2016 Tribeca Film Festival.

The SOAE shows the effects of climate change on our marine ecosystems. The simulation is available to the public for which it can be downloaded Free. You can choose between being an avatar of a bus or being a piece of pink coral that lives your best life in a submarine reef. That is, until all your submarine colored friends begin to die too much. The simulation time sets aside the underwater holocaust to an impressionable range. In a version, the voice of a narrator guides you:

Look at your right palm. Notice how acidity has corroded the shell of the marine screw. Take a moment to walk and look for sea snails in this area. Did not find any? This is because there are no live sea snails here. They can not survive in this environment. Ocean acidification will have a severe impact on all peeling species, including oysters, clams, chorales and certain types of plankton. Without these species, the whole food network can collapse. "

See study clips and SOAE:

The results

Participants score tests on ocean acidification after simulation increased by more than 100%. You have tried ocean acidification information and the retention was demonstrated more than three weeks later. The longer participants took part in the simulation, the more information they kept.

Geraldine Fauville, a postdoctoral researcher, claims that the team is working on the "act now" simulation, exploring "concrete actions that individuals can think and implement in their daily lives." In the commercialization of science, this is the most important step in the sale of the message. Climate scientists and VR engineers could benefit from recruiting a Don Draper from marketing science to persuade humanity to click on the "Act Now" button.

The unexpected find

"In VR history, we have talked a lot about how to use it for education," says Jeremy Bailenson, a cognitive psychologist, founding director of the Virtual Human Interaction Laboratory at the University of Stanford and co-author of paper He says the study shows that "you can install VR correctly in a curriculum plan". People enjoy it. They learn There are no negative consequences. "I was expecting this discovery. What was interesting and unexpected is why VR seems to increase the knowledge and empathy. "In two of the four studies of this article, we can predict how many people are concerned about the environment and how much they want to learn more about the environment based on how much their body moves in the simulation." In VR studies, this is known as "cognition incorporated" and Bailenson believes that this is the mechanism that causes the message to resurrect. "Moving the body is the secret sauce here and what makes VR special," says Bailenson, while observing that the results are correlative, not necessarily causal.

From the role of Stanford: "The participants who explored more virtual space formed deeper cognitive associations with the content of science."

Today's study arises in an unpublished article published last month by a Nobel Prize winner and his team at the Max Planck Institute in Germany, that thought uses the navigation system of the brain and what knowledge is organized spatially.

The impact

The participants reported a positive VR experience. "It's very cool, very sensitive," says Cameron Chapman, 18. "I definitely felt like I was under water."

"It was much more realistic than I expected," says Senior Alexa Levison. "I am a visual student. Verifying that acidification of the ocean occurs is different from what is just heard about it."

An enthusiasm similar to the Tribeca Film Festival was seen:

Jane Rosenthal directs this event where it is a VR wing of the festival and there are dozens of booths where you can enter and do VR, "says Bailenson. "The festival takes place for a week. It is open from late afternoon until evening. We had a line of adults that sometimes had 100 people. They are waiting for an hour, sometimes two hours, basically to know the chemistry. "

The team showed the SOAE for Senator Sheldon Whitehouse of Rhode Island, congressman Suzanne Bonamici of Oregon and former senator Blanche Lincoln of Arkansas. "This simulation shows in great detail the damage caused by the contamination of coal in our oceans," said Whitehouse after the Capitol Hill event organized by the non-profit environmental protection group Ocean Conservancy. "I am grateful for the acidification of the ocean of Stanford to draw attention to the danger that our oceans face and what we have to do to protect them."

VR does not alter a fervent commitment to climate negation:

"I was fortunate to have a US congressman come to the laboratory and really realize the ocean acidification experience," says Bailenson, that the congressman is a changing vowel of climate change. "He served in our army in a surprising way. He arrived at the laboratory and was super respectful. He did two dozens of demonstrations where he in reality he did not go through the movements. "The congressman was cooperative and committed, but when Bailenson asked for comments on the climate education of VR, the answer he got was as depressing as a corroded sea snail:

Let's have this right, "Bailenson will deliberate." I am paraphrasing. I have not recorded it, so I do not have a direct appointment. The general notion of what he said was, you think you're presenting science. What I want to present is what we call democratic science. This is a capital D in a democratic one. That is, choose a particular type of science that would resonate with the Democrats, but that is not universal. I had not really heard this term before. I've heard it since then, because I've obviously seen it. It was such a discouraging moment that I had at a moment of work. The acidification of the Stanford ocean has been intensively controlled by the number of scientists, our brilliant colleagues, [marine scientists] Kristy Kroeker and Fio Micheli. All this is based on his work, where each detail that covers from how many centimeters is this snail now with this kind of coral, all these details, "Bailenson stammers." "We take a lot of time and effort and only the notion that polarization is high enough that marine science is discounted as a democrat, it was not a culminating point."

The congressman advised Bailenson about what he could do differently to convince people about climate change and its effects.

He was careful not to enter the scientific details of the climate change models in particular. Because I do not think I've been playing things, I was very comfortable talking. He talked about the problem with the policy discussions on climate change is that it is always affecting its voters. In its district, fracking is very large and natural gas is very large. He urged me if I tried to make VR messages about conservation of the environment, to show clearly how the economic objectives are not in contrast ".

The other suggestion was what Bailenson had heard before: framing the conversation in terms of how climate change affects changes in migration patterns and how this affects things like the hunting season. "In general, it was a conversation where a boy who had a surprising record at the service of our country, who was a very prominent lawmaker, who really tried it, at the end of the day, just rejected what we have built as a democratic science ".

Using VR, Bailenson managed to educate officers in the island island of Palau on negative environmental impacts. You can read about your work that influences legislators regarding conservation in an article written for Bailenson National Geographic.

Learn more about VR, education, and environmental conservation experiments in Bailenson & # 39; s Laboratory of virtual human interaction at the University of Stanford.

* The Gordon Foundation and Betty Moore provided funding for this investigation.

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