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The marine waste study explains the trash from Texas to Florida


marine garbageMarine remains collected during the two-year studyCREDIT: Caitlin Wessel

Spam, especially plastic, on the ocean and along the coast is an economic, environmental, human health and aesthetic problem that generates serious challenges for the coastal communities of the world, including the Gulf of Mexico.

Researchers from the Dauphin Island Sea Laboratory and the National Reserve of Estuary Research from Mission-Aransas joined a two-year study to document the problem along the Gulf of Mexico's coasts. His findings are documented in the Marine pollution bulletin.

From February 2015 to August 2017, researchers kept tabs on marine residues that were dragged on the coast every month to 12 different locations in nine barrier islands from North Padre Island, Texas to Santa Rosa, Florida. Trash was sorted by type, frequency and location.

The most amazing discovery was that 10 times more garbage washed off the coast of Texas than any other Gulf states throughout the year.

Most of the trash, from 69 to 95 percent, was plastic. Plastic articles include bottles and caps for bottles, straws and broken pieces of plastic. The researchers also cited that more garbage washed on the ground during spring and summer. This could be because there are more people on the outside and in the water during this time.

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