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cancer | World Cancer Day | The six most deadly types of cancer in Peru and the symptoms that cause it health | Technology and science | Sciences



In our country, more than 33 thousand people died in 2018 because of it cancerLeaving behind, in many cases, long years of fight against the disease and thousands of soles invested in trying to recover health.

The progression of neoplasms is global, since non-transmissible diseases have become the the leading cause of death worldwide. According to the Globocan 2018 report, last year more than 9.5 million people died of cancer all over the world.

[[[[cancer | The origin of the name and other new historical data about this evil]

Next, the six types of most deadly cancers to Peru and the symptoms they cause.

► Stomach cancer

he stomach cancer It is the most deadly cause in our country. Only last year, 4,606 people died of this disease, mainly those over 60 years of age.

Doctors recommend that you be careful with stomach inflammation, helicobacter bacterial infections, processed foods, since these are risk factors to develop stomach cancer

Symptoms of stomach cancer

Symptoms at an early stage may be similar to other illnesses. In some cases, indigestion can occur and stomach upset, So doctors always recommend meeting a specialist when these problems occur.

In the most advanced cases, according to the US Medical Encyclopedia, it is common for there to be bleeding in the stoolLoss of weight without cause, vomiting and even difficulty swallowing. If you have any of these symptoms, you should go to a doctor, who will perform a physical examination, blood and image tests, endoscopy or biopsy, as the case may be.

This illness is one of those that is usually diagnosed late, which makes it difficult to treat it.

► Lung cancer

if smoke, then you already have the main risk factor to develop Lung cancerThat Peru caused 2,844 deaths in 2018, making it the second most deadly.

According to the studies, to a greater amount of cigarsGreater will be the risk of developing this evil. Environmental pollution, radiation and the early onset of smoking are also risk factors.

Symptoms of lung cancer

he Lung cancer It manifests itself with a constant cough and worsens over time, as well as a permanent pain in the chest.

In intermediate stages it is presented cough with blood And constant problems for pneumonia, bronchitis and extreme tiredness.

Also, the face and neck can swell and the patients begin to present loss of appetite and weight.

► Prostate cancer

This is a type of cancer It only affects men, since it attacks an organ that is under the bladder. In our country 2,721 people were killed for this suffering.

While the prostate cancer It is more common in older men, it can be presented in under 40s. It usually needs minimal treatment or even do not need it, but the most aggressive types can be spread quickly.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

According to May Clinic, problems with urination, such as pain or decrease in urine flow, can be a sign of cProstate pain.

Other symptoms include the presence of blood in the semen, poor ejaculation, pain in the pelvic area and erectile dysfunction. In the face of these symptoms, the most important thing is to receive medical assistance as soon as possible.

► Colon cancer

he colon cancerThat affects the final part of the large intestine, caused the death of 2,367 Peruvians in 2018, according to Globocan.

The disease usually begins as polyps, a set of non-cancerous cells in the intestine, but over time they usually become cancer. For this reason, doctors recommend taking preventive tests to detect these polyps and extracting them, so as to prevent them from being converted into cancer.

Symptoms of colon cancer

People should be alert to changes in their bowel habits, as they appear diarrhea or constipation, Or the change in the consistency of the feces, may be a sign of presence of this neoplasm, according to the National Cancer Institute of the United States

Another symptom of the colon cancer It is rectal bleeding or the presence of blood in the feces, feeling of not having emptied the intestines completely, persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gases or pain.

► Liver cancer

Unlike the rest of the world, the liver cancer Peru and the other countries in the region affect young people with an average age of 30 yearsThere have even been cases in children.

During 2018 2,239 Peruvians died for this scourge, which affects a key organ in the digestion of fats, Protein synthesis and storage of vitamins, etc.

Symptoms of liver cancer

According to May Clinic, the patients They do not show symptoms in the first steps of liver cancer, which delays the timing of timely treatment.

In medium or advanced stages, the cancer it can manifest itself with weight loss and gain in a sudden way, nausea and vomiting, pain in the upper part of the abdomen, swollen in the area of ​​the abdomen.

It is also presented yellowish color to the skin and the white part of the eyes, white feces, and generalized fatigue and weakness.

► Breast cancer

Despite the widespread belief in breast cancer It affects both women and men. In Peru, 1,858 people died in 2018 because of this illness, which has a greater impact on women.

That is why it is important to do one self-examination to look for protuberance in the breasts and go regularly to the gynecologist because the early detection improves the possibility of overcoming the disease.

Symptoms of breast cancer

One of the main symptoms of breast cancer It is the appearance of nodules (packages) in the breasts. The change in size, shape, or appearance of a breast is also common.

Other signals may be changes in the skin of the breast, Crust formation or detachment of the pigmented skin that surrounds the nipple (awe) and redness or holes in the skin of the breast, similar to the skin of an orange.

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