In Argentina, they have identified four endemic regions: North (Salta, Jujuy), Center (Buenos Aires, Santa Fe and Entre Ríos), Northeast (Missions) and South (Neuquén, Rio Tinto and Chubut ).
Given the possibility of the community moving to different parts of the country on the occasion of the holidays of any day, from this area of the provincial health portfolio, it is advisable to take the following precautions :
- Avoid rodents entering or nesting in homes.
- Cover holes in doors, walls and pipes.
- Avoid coexistence with rodents and contact with your secretions. Do the cleaning (floors, walls, doors, tables, drawers and pantry cabinets) with a part of bleach each new water (leave for 30 minutes and then rinse).
- Moisten the floor before sweeping it by not lifting dust.
- Place orchards and wood in more than 30 meters of the houses, cut pastures and weeds up to a radius of 30 meters around the home.
- Ventilate at least 30 minutes before entering places that have been closed (homes, covered).
- Cover your mouth and nose with a wet cloth before entering or respiratory mask.
- Be especially careful when setting up fans and air conditioners the filters or conduits may have had contact with contaminated dust, rodents or excreta of these. Do not have to carry them out, cover yourself with a mask.
- When camping do it away from weed and landfills, do not sleep directly on the ground and consume drinking water.
- If you find a living rodent: use poison for rodents or traps to capture (not trying to touch or hit). Consult them in the municipality if there is a pest control service available.
- If there is a dead rodent: spray with bleach along with everything that could have been in contact and wait for a minimum of 30 minutes. Then pick up using gloves and bury it more than 30 cm deep or burn it.
- People who have symptoms of the disease must quickly attend a health facility for consultation and avoid close contact with others.
The first symptoms are similar to a flu state: 38 ° F fever, muscle pains, chills, headaches, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea without compromise on upper pathways.
Hantavirus is a zoonotic disease (transmitted by a human animal) for the Hanta virus, is transmitted to human beings by wild rodents, natural reservoirs of the infection, which present an asymptomatic chronic infection and eliminate the virus through the urine, saliva and excreted.
Hantaviruses are transmitted primarily by inhalation of aerosols loaded with viral particles, from feces, urine and saliva of infected rodents. Human transmission usually occurs in the habitat of rodents in suburban and rural areas.
There is also evidence of person-to-person transmission, and therefore secretions and other human fluids must be considered potentially dangerous.