MADRID, Jan 31 (EUROPA PRESS) –
A new study reveals that approximately 1 in 5 people may experience mental health symptoms up to six months after a mild traumatic brain injury (LCTL), which suggests the importance of continued medical care in this types of patients.
Scientists also identified factors that could increase the risk of developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and / or a major depressive disorder following an LCTL or cerebral upheaval through the D & # A cohort study.
"Mental health disorders after a cerebral upheaval have been studied mainly in military populations, and it is not known much about these results in civilians. These results can help guide the follow-up care and I suggest that doctors should pay special attention to the mental state of patients many months after the injury, "says Patrick Bellgowan, one of the authors of this study, published in the journal" Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry & # 39;
In the study, they investigated the results of mental health in 1,155 people who had suffered a mild traumatic brain injury and were attended to Emergencies. At three, six and twelve months after the injury, they completed several questionnaires related to PTSD and depression. For a comparison group, the researchers also questioned people who had suffered orthopedic traumatic injuries, such as fractures in the legs, but who did not have head injuries.
The results showed that at three and six months after the injury, people who had experienced this type of brain injury were more likely than patients with orthopedic traumatisms to suffer from symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and / or depressive disorder major
For example, three months after the injury, 20 percent of patients had mental health problems, compared with 8.7 percent of patients with orthopedic traumatisms. Six months after the injury, the figures reached 21.2 percent and 12.1 percent, respectively.
"Contrary to the usual assumptions, mild head injuries can cause long-term effects. These findings suggest that follow-up care after an injury to the head, even in mild cases, is crucial, especially for patients who show risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder or depression, "said the authors.