It consists in benign prostate growth, also called a benign prostate tumor. It means that it is not malignant, it is not cancer.
From the anatomical point of view, on the posterior face of the prostate is the rectum, through which the rectal touch is performed to evaluate the prostate at the time of consultation with the urologist. When the prostate grows, the urethra can be progressively compressed, which can make it difficult to urinate, that is, difficulty in urinating. This difficulty is almost always imperceptibly initiated by the patient until it can cause bladder damage and even renal failure due to the urine retention that occurs over time, this occurs when the Compression of the urethra almost completely blocks the urine output from the bladder to the outside.
Prostatic hyperplasia or benign prostatic growth is a very common disease in men, which generally begins after 30 or 35 years; it is very rare to present any symptoms before age 40.
At 55-60 years of age, more than 50% of men suffer from this disease, and after 70 or 80 years, up to 90% of men have a urinary symptom, which can be dysfunctional dysfunction, difficulty to urinate, etc.
Symptoms of prostatic growth are classified as irritating and obstructive.
Obstructive symptoms are intermittent when urinating, incomplete emptying, weakness and forcing to urinate.
Irritant symptoms are urgent to urinate, get up at night to urinate and go out involuntarily urine. Other symptoms may include urine blood, infections, urine retention, and kidney failure, among others.
The prognosis is generally satisfactory, since almost always the patients respond to the medication treatments that are given with the intention of improving or reducing the obstructive and irritating symptoms that are those that impair the quality of life of the patients. The medications we use act by relaxing the tissue of the urethra and the bladder, allowing an almost normal urination to evaporate and, in turn, avoid complications.
The diagnosis of this disease is done with a detailed medical history, physical examination, analysis, rectal touch, sonography, uroflujometry and cystoscopy.
Patients should decrease the consumption of liquids before going to sleep and moderate alcohol and caffeine consumption.
When the medical treatment fails, then it is necessary to operate the patient of the prostate, in which it can be an open or endoscopic surgery. It is worth mentioning that today most of the surgeries are performed endoscopically, that is, without scarring, and bipolar energy or laser energy can be used.
In the face of doubt, visit your urologist.