Thursday , May 19 2022

Harassment and violence at work increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases UNIVERSAL



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People who are upset at work or experiencing work-related violence have a higher risk of heart and brain blood vessels, including heart attacks and strokes, according to a prospective study that analyzed the link published in the European Heart Journal.

Although the study is obscure and hence can not show that violence or violence in the workplace causes cardiovascular problems, only if there is association, researchers say that their results are solid and have important implications for employers. and national governments.

Tianvei Ksu, a PhD student at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, notes: "If there is a causal link between maltreatment or violence at work and cardiovascular diseases, the elimination of violence instead of Rad would mean that they could avoid 5% of all cardiovascular events, and the eradication of violence at work would prevent more than 3% of all cases. "

The researchers analyzed data from 79,201 men and women who worked in Denmark and Sweden, aged between 18 and 65, without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD), who participated in three studies that began between 1995 and 2011. Participants have been following since

When they joined the studies, the participants were asked about harassment and violence in the workplace and how often they experienced them. Data on the number of cases of cardiovascular and brain diseases and deaths have been obtained from national registries.

Xu and colleagues also considered other factors that could affect whether participants were affected by cardiovascular disease (CVD) such as body mass index (BMI), alcohol consumption, smoking, mental disorders and other earlier health conditions, work on change and interest.

9 percent of participants reported that they were upset at work, and 13 percent reported violence or threats of violence in the workplace in the past year. After adjusting data according to age, gender, country of birth, marital status and level of education, researchers found that those who were harassed or experienced violence (or threats of violence) at work had a 59 and 25-year risk of CVD, in comparison with persons who were not subjected to harassment or violence.

The more the intimidation or violence has affected, the greater the risk of CVD. Compared with people who did not suffer maltreatment, people who reported that they were often maltreated (which means they were maltreated almost every day) in the last 12 months had an increased risk of 120% that those who were more often exposed to violence in the workplace had a 36 percent higher risk of cerebrovascular disease (such as stroke) than those who were not exposed to violence. However, there seems to be no corresponding increase in heart disease.

"Workplace intimidation and workplace violence are various social stressors at work, with only 10 to 14 percent of people who were at the same time exposed to at least one who is suffering from another. These stressful events are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the form dose response, in other words, the greater the exposure to maltreatment or violence, the greater the risk of cardiovascular disease, Xu explains.

And it continues: "From this study, we can not conclude that there is a causal link between workplace maltreatment or workplace violence and cardiovascular diseases, but we provide empirical evidence that supports this causal link, especially with regard to the Authentic biological pathway between the main stressors at the workplace and cardiovascular diseases support trend trend and robustness of results in different sensitivity analyzes Experimental studies on violence and harassment of schools would be very unethical and therefore our study provides the best evidence This is about this association. "

INCREASE IN BLOOD PRESSURE MAY BE INCLUDED

"The impact of maltreatment and violence on the incidence of cardiovascular diseases in the general population can be compared with other risk factors, such as diabetes and alcohol consumption, indicating the importance of workplace harassment and workplace violence in relation to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases," adds he.

"It's important to avoid intimidation at work and violence in the workplace, because these are important stressors for exposed people, and it is also important to have policies for intervention if there is violence or violence."

Researchers are currently analyzing which bihealth and biological mechanisms can be involved in increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease in people who suffer maltreatment or workplace violence. These experts believe that high blood pressure is likely to be involved, as intense stress is known to increase blood pressure.

In addition, exposure to violence and violence can lead to anxiety and depression, which can lead to excessive and excessive alcohol consumption. Stress-related changes in metabolism can also be included.

Other interesting findings of the survey are the fact that violence at work was mostly done by colleagues (79%) instead of people outside the organization (21%), while violence or threats to work-related violence are mostly caused by people outside the organization (91 percent), and not from the interior (9 percent).

This, combined with the fact that people who are most often exposed to workplace violence are not more likely to suffer from heart disease, suggest that workers may have been trained on how to deal with the violence they encountered as part of their work and maybe they better equipped to deal with them and avoid long-term consequences.

The limitations of the study include the fact that intimidation and violence in the workplace are measured only once; that the survey was conducted in Scandinavian countries where the concepts of intimidation and violence at the workplace are well established, which means that extrapolation of results in other countries and cultures must be taken into account; and that some information, such as the consumption of tobacco without remorse (for example, the use of snus), personality traits, genetic factors and other stressors (such as marital conflict) are not available.

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