PARIS, FRANCE.- By 2030, pneumonia will kill almost 11 million children under 5 if the trend continues, experts say Monday. World Day dedicated to this lung infection.
Out of a total of 10.8 million predicted deaths, 1.7 million could be registered only in two countries, Nigeria and India, according to projections Johns Hopkins University in the United States and NGO Save the Children.
700,000 children could die from this illness in Pakistan and 635,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. According to the words World Health Organization, is the first infectious cause of mortality in children and causes 15% of deaths in children under 5 years of age.
The WHO estimates that 922,000 children under 5 years of age died of pneumonia in 2015 in the world.
This disease can be caused by viruses, bacteria and fungi.
"Prevention is possible thanks to vaccination, nutritional status satisfactory and improvement of the environmental factors ", emphasizes the WHO.
According to the study, 4.1 million children can be saved by applying these measures: to increase the coverage of global vaccination, to provide access to antibiotics and to improve the nutrition of children most at risk.
"It's amazing that almost a million children die every year because of a disease that we can overcome," he said. Kevin Watkins, responsible for Save the Children, claiming a drastic reduction in vaccine prices.