Thursday , December 9 2021

FT: The rapid medical revolution in Africa is facing old challenges



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The main causes of human death are no longer viruses, bacteria, or microbes that have been lying in places for thousands of years. For the first time in modern human history, the greatest killers in the world are unbearable diseases like cancer, heart disease or stroke. This applies to every region in the world, including Africa. This change is unprecedented and unexpected success, writes the Financial Times.

Infectious diseases are not the main cause of death in Africa since 2011. In 2015, diseases such as disintegration, pneumonia, malaria or tuberculosis on the African continent accounted for 44 percent of all deaths. This number is still high, in most parts of the world infectious diseases are responsible for less than ten percent of the total deaths.

However, the number of victims of infection in Africa is obvious. Over the past few decades, their number has fallen three to four times faster than in developed countries. Africa is undergoing an extremely fast medical revolution.

In 1990, 25 percent of the total deaths were reported in poor countries in diseases such as diabetes or cancer. In 2040, this percentage would be 80 percent.

The increase in the number of non-communicable diseases is partly explained by the fact that people live long enough to develop the disease. Many people from poor countries still face such illnesses in later years than people from developed countries. Heart diseases, diabetes, and other diseases, known as diseases of the civilization, are actually becoming the sick of the poor.

According to medical scientist Tomas Bollley, poor countries have to face the consequences of their success. This is because these countries are struggling against contagious diseases with the medical assistance of the international community. It was not in developed countries. In US cities between 1900 and 1936, mortality was reduced primarily due to water filtration and chlorination. Better hygiene, quarantine and education had beneficial effects before the emergence of effective drugs.

Poor countries achieve the same results faster, but often without institutional changes that have passed through the cities of the developed world. Deaths among children have fallen. But the result is too often sick adults who live without adequate health care or employment opportunities.

The poorer countries would therefore have to spend more money on the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases. African elites often ignore the problem and seek care abroad. However, those who stay in these countries have, at best, very limited health care.

Africa is astoundingly astounding, but cities are often unprepared and overwhelmed by sick people.

The reorientation of the disease of civilization must be in Africa and foreign organizations. Cancer, upper respiratory tract disease, heart problems and diabetes account for 60% of deaths worldwide. However, only one percent of each assistance to developing countries is spent on health care for the treatment of non-communicable diseases.

Weak countries also need to take measures against pollution and tobacco products. African governments should oppose cigarette manufacturers and other promoters of unhealthy lifestyles.

FT: The rapid medical revolution in Africa is facing old challenges

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