What really can help with depression
Scientific research has shown that at least 15 percent of the population suffers from depression during their lifetime, which must be treated, or rather, because often mental illnesses are not recognized. Experts explain how to recognize symptoms and how people can be helped.
More and more people are suffering from mental illness
According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of people with depression around the world has increased significantly. In Germany and the EU, more and more people are suffering from mental illness. According to the Man Planck Institute of Psychiatry (MPI), studies have shown that at least 15 percent of the population suffers from depression during their lifetime. This refers to those diseases that so much affect the fact that you have to treat them, or better, because not only often is depression recognized. On their website, experts in MPI explain how to recognize symptoms and how to help patients.
According to MPI, depression can take many different forms. The illness may begin slowly or even suddenly, like a lightning from a blue sky.
Typical symptoms include wisdom, sleep disturbance, poor concentration, fatigue, irritability, slow motion, loss of appetite and weight loss and hopelessness, as well as the inability to engage in emotional participation in events in the immediate environment.
Often there are daily fluctuations, usually depression is more pronounced in the morning than in the afternoon.
Interest in normal positive activities is dead, almost always missing from sexual desire to the inability of sexual activity.
In difficult cases, hopelessness is so expressed that the will for life disappears and suicidal thoughts arise, planning and execution of suicide attempts.
Rare forms of the disease
Rarely, they mostly occur in women, they represent very short-term acute depressive moods that often last for only one day or one to two weeks, and then collapse again.
Another rare form is chronic depression, in which, despite all therapeutic efforts, only a slight improvement can be achieved.
Another particular form of depression that occurs in about one percent of the population is manic-depressive illness. In addition to depressive episodes, so-called manic episodes can also be noticed.
These manic episodes, in a sense, are contrary to the depressive episode. Here, the mood is consistently lifted, carelessly excitedly excited to an irritable.
When does it get sick?
According to MPI experiments, although depression may occur for the first time in any age group, the most dangerous is the full picture of middle-aged depression.
Studies have shown that depression can be recognized early, but not as depression, but as anxiety disorder.
It is now known that young people with anxiety disorders, such as panic attacks, have a greater risk of developing depression later.
Only in old age is the risk of developing depression for the first time reduced. However, it is not known whether age-related depression is actually hidden behind some forms of age-related dementia.
Although it is noticeable that women more often diagnose depression, this fact can be explained primarily by easier forms of expression.
It should also be kept in mind that men no longer like to detect depressive symptoms and go to the doctor to be treated for depression.
Correlation of genetic factors and depression
According to health experts, depression is more than one cause in most cases.
A mental disorder can be promoted by stress, stressful life events or diseases such as thyroid disease or Parkinson's disease.
In addition, it is long known that genes play an important role in the onset of mental illness.
Only a few months ago, the international research team managed to identify 44 genes that were associated with a major depression.
According to MPI, genetic proportions of typical depression are believed to be 50 percent, while the genetic relationship of manic-depressive disorder is over 80 percent.
The safest indicator of whether you are pre-stressed is the presence of depression in your biological family.
However, one should not worry too much about it, because depression is not transmitted after a simple inheritance process.
It is important to know that there is a genetic risk of familial stress, and then look for early signs of illness, such as sleep disorders, autonomic changes, anxiety attacks and early overcoming.
Treatment with drugs
According to National Care Instructions, depression is treated with antidepressants and / or psychotherapy.
If treatment with such drugs is effective, it has also been proven in studies.
However, it is also known that mild depression often occurs without specific treatment. In severe depression, there is no alternative to MPI antidepressants.
These drugs are not sedatives, according to experts also do not lead to habituation or dependence and do not have serious adverse effects.
However, especially at the beginning of treatment, internal restlessness, sweating, weight gain and occasional sexual dysfunction can occur.
In addition to antidepressants, benzodiazepines and neuroleptics are sometimes used in the treatment of depression.
In most cases, psychotherapeutic patient support is urgently needed.
According to MPI, the basis of each depression treatment is a nice and helpful medical consultation with the preparation of the entire treatment plan. In mild depression, this may be enough as the only method of therapy.
The most important form of psychotherapy is the so-called. Cognitive behavior therapy. This includes the correction of negative reality and self-assessment, the gradual development of activities based on the principle of amplifiers, the promotion of self-confidence and social competence, as well as dealing with everyday problems.
The goal of any depressive therapy is always a complete restoration of the mental state.
It's important to know: People with depression also have an increased risk of heart disease and metabolic diseases, especially diabetes mellitus. Therefore, we must keep in mind the prevention of such diseases.
Which friends and family should consider
The Institute of Psychiatry Mak Planck points out that even friends and relatives can help those who are affected. You should know how to treat depressed people properly.
You must be aware that depression is not something that can be overcome by the will or by following the advice.
Also, symptoms such as negativity and irritability, and even inactivity and apparent selfishness of the patient, must not lead to the loss of understanding and patience and giving up on the "ungrateful" patient.
Parents and friends must learn to understand the inability of the patient to achieve something independent and does not misinterpret the emotional distance as an emotional turn.
It is also important that the patient is not overwhelmed by "good advice" and, conversely, that relatives are not forced to become a kind of therapist in which they are overwhelmed.
MPI also uses herbal products to treat depression on its website.
According to experts, according to the current state of knowledge, for mild depression, there is nothing against the attempts to treat pigs.
However, there are some side effects that can be serious: St. John's wort causes diarrhea and an increased tendency to severe sunburn.
In addition, the introduction of pig grains may limit other drugs in their effect. In the opinion of experts, some preparations are in any case inadequate.
From the use of Bach floral extracts, gingko preparations and other herbal products for the treatment of depression advise MPI experts. (Commercials)