Neanderthals and our paleolithic ancestors (Homo sapiens), who lived between 20,000 and 80,000 years ago, have similar head injuries, according to a new study led by a Greek diaspora scholar.
This discovery overlaps the stereotypical attitude that the neanderthals, who lived in Western Eurasia 400,000 years ago, had a more violent and more dangerous life, so that they had even more serious injuries than later hunter gatherers. Thus, the new study reinforces the belief that the differences between Neanderthals and our ancestors were much less than previously thought.
Researchers, led by professor Katherine Harvati of the Shekensberg Center for Human Development and Paleeoenvironment at the German University of Tibbensen, published a publication in the Nature magazine, analyzed more than 800 fossils of neanderthals and paleoliths, among which 114 neanderthal skulls and 90 skulls of prehistoric people. In total, 295 neanderthal bones and 541 human bones were found to be injurious.
There was no difference in the wounds brought by our ancestors and our neanderthals. However, what has been discovered is that men in both Homo breeds have inflicted more frequent injuries than women, something that continues and confirms that it has always been – and regardless of the Neanderthal or Sapiens man – he lived more violent and dangerous.
The only difference between Neanderthals and Sapiens was that there were more injuries to the head of the youngest Neanderthals (under the age of 30), while in the ancestors of modern human head injuries there were in all age groups.
Scientists have so far believed that Neanderthal skeletal injuries were the result of violent clashes, accidents, or attacks by large carnivores such as bears or hyena. It is estimated that Neanderthals, Homo sapiens, who are inferior and de facto more risky for hunting techniques, with smaller and smaller hands.
However, Dr. K. Kharbattis says: "Our findings have overwhelmed the hypothesis that neanderthals are more prone to injuries than modern humans, contrary to common beliefs. Therefore, we believe that the concept of Neanderthal behavior, such as violent behavior and inferior hunting skills, will lead to a high level of injuries.