Tuesday , July 5 2022

Flu causes death, this is a person at high risk


Bisnis.com, JAKARTA – Is the flu still feeling sick? In fact, WHO data indicates that the flu makes 500,000 deaths each year and that 70% of these victims are victims of the elderly.

Keep in mind that flu is an acute respiratory illness of the airways and the virus has spread throughout the world.

The ease of transmission of influenza viruses that can be produced through spontaneous and aerial saliva due to direct contact with someone who has already been infected causes the spread of the virus to be unstoppable.

"Flu is not a trivial disease. Especially in tropical countries like Indonesia, where flu can occur not only in the rainy season. It's time that people in Indonesia avoid flu by using appropriate vaccines, so that they are effectively protected, especially for the elderly and health workers, "concluded the president of PERGEMI, Prof. Dr. dr. Setiati Sites, SpPD, K-Ger in its press release.

Influenza complications may occur in high risk groups: children, people over 65, persons with chronic illnesses and pregnant women. Flu complications may include pneumonia, ear and sine infections. Not only that, flu can also worsen medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, asthma or diabetes to cause death.

Anyone who needs flu vaccination is a baby and children> 6 months to 18 years old, as well as adults, especially elderly, pregnant women, diabetics, chronic renal disorders, cancer, patients with reduced immunity, people with chronic respiratory disorders, sick cardiovascular diseases, workers / employees, future pilgrims for Hajj and Umrah and health workers.

Prevention of flu can be done through vaccinations that must be done every year. However, the low level of public awareness about the prevention of influenza prevention is still an important health problem, Joselito Sta. Ana, MD, president of Sanofi Indonesia and general director of Sanofi Pasteur Indonesia.

"Vaccination is an investment for health in the future. We hope that, through this activity, the community can immediately take early prevention efforts through influenza vaccination, so that they can improve the quality of the vaccine. your health in an optimum way ".

Prof. Dr. dr. Samsuridjal Djauzi, SpPD, K-AI, president of the adult immunization work group of PB PAPDI, emphasized that flu vaccination was recommended by various healthcare institutions, such as WHO16 and PAPDI5, for those who suffer cardiovascular diseases Vaccination is an effective way to prevent infections and complications caused by flu viruses.

The study's data show that influenza vaccination in patients with cardiovascular disease can reduce the risk of heart attack by 67% and reduce the risk of stroke by 24%. In fact, infections of the airways by influenza viruses can increase the risk of stroke and heart attacks 3 to 5 times in 3 days of the infection.

"The PAPDI adult immunization workgroup also recommends giving flu shots to people with diabetes to reduce the risk of becoming infected with influenza viruses that cause hospitalization, intensive care and death.15 add Prof. Dr. dr. Samsuridjal Djauzi, SpPD, K-AI.

President of the Indonesia Foundation for Influenza (IIF), Prof. dr. Cissy B Kartasasmita, SpA (K), PhD, explained that influenza vaccination is a prevention method that has proved profitable.

Effective flu vaccination provides up to 90% protection for someone who receives a healthy vaccine, is less than 65 years of age and receives a vaccine with the same strain as the variety of circulating influenza viruses. The flu vaccine is applied approximately two weeks in the process of antibody formation after vaccination.

In addition, the vaccine can last approximately 1 year due to frequent viral mutations. This is due to the presence of antigenic drift or small mutations when the influenza virus is replicated so that the new strain of the virus circulates, so vaccination against the flu must be carried out regularly every year.

The efficacy of the vaccination also depends on the strains of the flu vaccine, since the varieties of influenza viruses can change every year. This is the WHO context that publishes an annual recommendation on the composition of strains of influenza viruses that can be differentiated in NH (northern hemisphere) and SH (southern hemisphere).

Meanwhile, the number of influenza vaccines carried out by Indonesian is still relatively low, coverage is only around 500,000 doses of vaccine per year.

If seen from the side of the risk group, the coverage of flu vaccination among health workers in Indonesia is still relatively low compared to Singapore, South Korea, Thailand. These countries even require flu vaccination regularly every year to protect health workers and prevent the transmission of flu to patients.

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