Damascus (AFP) – Abu Mohammed thought he could finally go home after jihadists were expelled from his suburbs in Damascus, but said Syrian authorities blocked his return by wrongly classifying his apartment as unfit for housing.
In May, the regime forces launched a group of Islamic states from parts of the main southern city of Tadamun with a campaign of shelling and shelling.
For the first time in six years, this meant full governmental control over this area, which led to that peace, which gave rise to the hope of returning home.
But, instead, Abu Mohammed and others from Tadamun complain, the authorities considered many of their residences incapable of blocking their owners to return to a controversial recovery plan.
Five months after IS has been exhausted, the regime is overwhelming the obstacle to joining the former Jihadist stronghold now with great security, and the AFP team could not enter.
At the last checkpoint, smuggled blocked the road. The floors in the nearby building were one above the other, and a hole in the minaret of the mosque.
Abu Mohammed said he managed to see his house before state inspectors came in – and insisted that it was still good to live in spite of an official ruling.
"There was no hole for the bullet, it was already looted," he said, giving the pseudonym to avoid retaliation.
"It is so unfair for citizens who have been waiting for years (to return) and have always kept the state."
Another potential returnee, Othman al-Aissami, 55, was upset.
"Why can not I and thousands of other people go home?" he asked the lawyer.
"After the completion of military operations, I entered the neighborhood and expected great damage," he said.
But in his four-story home, "only the windows have been knocked down," Aissami said, not indicating whether his residence was considered incompetent.
– & # 39; Right to go home & # 39; –
The settlement of Tadamun is long in the gray zone.
Once orchards have been inhabited since the late 1960s, people who have escaped the Israeli Golan Heights or flooded Damascus from the village, often without an official building permit.
But today his fate seems particularly uncertain after provincial authorities announced last month that this would be under the influence of a controversial law on development.
The law, known as Decree 10, allows the government to seize private property for the creation of zonal events, replacing owners with actions of new projects.
If their land is selected, the owners inevitably lose their property and must apply to receive shares in exchange.
The construction was not set to start in Tadamune for several years, but officials have already sent to examine their homes.
The Provincial Commission is charged with assessing the damage and assessing whether approximately 25,000 housing units are suitable for human habitation.
Even if their homes are declared standard, no resident can return to the next.
When they realized that a large number of houses marked as incompetent were not actually damaged in combat, community members held several meetings with the commission.
To break their frustration, they set up a Facebook page called "The Tadamun Ekiles".
"It's our right to go home," wrote one displaced person.
– Red wax –
The Commission has divided the neighborhood into three sectors, and last covers an area once controlled.
Commission Chief Faisal Srour told AFP that in the first two sectors, inspectors "have so far visited 10,000 houses, of which 2,500 are able to live and 1,000 not."
The remainder was still classified, he said, but most units in the former jihadist sector are likely to be deemed incompetent.
"There were fighting there," he said.
Tadamun was rebelled by the rebels in 2012, and then part of it fell three years later on the IS jihadis.
Over the years, most residents have been forced to leave their homes, and today they live only 65,000 people, compared to 250,000 before the outbreak of the war in 2011.
Homes that have been declared capable of housing receive a serial number and are sealed with red wax, and officials insist that owners can easily search for them.
The resident may "return their homes normally back after proving ownership," Mayor Tadamuna Ahmed Iskandar told AFP, portraying President Bashar al-Assad in military uniform and sunglasses.
But because Tadamun is an informal neighborhood, only 10 percent of the houses officially registered property deals-and that's if they were not lost during the war.
Most of the others in the area have only semi-official papers showing the residence.
Even for those who manage to return, the show appears only temporarily.
A possible reconstruction, starting in four to five years, should see the entire area destroyed on the ground.
And then, no more than one-tenth of the suburban population will ever be able to submit property jobs to get actions in the reconstruction project.
The head of the inspection commission, Srour, said that those who could not prove ownership – probably at least 90% of the population – would not be homeless.
"We will not throw people out on the street, but provide them with compensation or alternative housing," he said.