In October, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) published an epidemiological report on the epidemiological surveillance of 13,547 cases of damage in the 12 months from 1 September last year until August 31 this year for 28 European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA ).
For the cases of the goddesses in the last 12 months, all EU and EEA countries have been reported. The most frequently reported in Greece is 3171, followed by France with 2792 cases, Italy with 2718, Romania with 1765 and Great Britain with 1007 cases. During this period, 38 cases of death related to smallpox were recorded in Member States, Arja added.
In Latvia, 65 cases of suspected smallpox were reported during this period, but the diagnosis of "smallpox" was approved in 23 cases since December 18 last year, including six children.
Arah stressed that no sick children were vaccinated against smallpox, but four of them did not get vaccinated. In three cases, children were infected with bites while traveling. In total, nine infections will probably occur outside Latvia, including two foreigners.
As the representative of the SPKC points out, the outbreaks of smallpox are associated with a decrease in vaccination coverage.
"Science and practice have proven that at least 95% of the population must be vaccinated with two doses of vaccine to avoid the outbreak of smallpox," explained Arja.
She recalled that the smallpox is an extremely infectious disease because the virus of smallpox virus is easily transmitted between susceptible persons through droplets of air and direct contact. The larvae spread through droplets of air as well as direct contact. The burden can be a very serious illness, as this happens with severe complications, especially for children younger than five years, adults over 20 years of age, immune deficiency and pregnant women.
The SPCC stressed that the only effective protection against smallpox vaccinations is that it is safe and effective. A vaccine against smallpox, rubella and epidemic mumps (MPR) is used for vaccination. Maximum protection requires two doses of the vaccine. Accordingly, in Latvia and other countries, the vaccination calendar for children is provided by two MPRs. The first child is given a child at the age of 12-15 months, but in Latvia the acceleration is made in seven years.
According to Arga, with particular risks of infection, for example, when planning a baby trip to a land affected by scar color, and after contact with a stunned patient, it is recommended that the first route be taken before reaching the age specified in the vaccination calendar, or six years of life. However, at the age of 12-15 months, the potion should be repeated and the vaccinations for vaccination should be made according to the vaccination calendar – seven years.
SPKC epidemiologists estimate vaccination against smallpox in children as relatively good, and that is why there were years in Latvia when there were no cases of smallpox.
At the same time, the SPCC invites parents to reassess the status of child vaccination, especially when traveling on an international journey.
Analysis of data on immunization of the SPCC shows that this year, from January to June, increased immunization against scabs, rubella and epidemic mumps in comparison with the same period of 2017. In total, in the first half of this year, 98.1% of children received the first MPR pots, and 89.5% of children received the other.