To avoid the flu, you must first protect yourself from misconceptions about this addictive viral infection, which in people every day deprives people of the cold, not only their ability to work, but also their lives in the cold months. Uga Dumpis, the chief specialist of infectious diseases in the Ministry of Health, explains the most common myths about the flu.
Myth # 1 "In order not to become infected with influenza, strong immunity is sufficient"
"Most people are susceptible to influenza viruses no matter how strong or weak they are in general immunity, it is important to have special immunity against influenza after the flu, or after vaccination, if a person experiences a new type of influenza, there is a high risk of developing the disease. the whole new influenza virus, still called a pandemic, seems to affect many more people, "says Dumpis.
"If someone thinks – I will not get sick with flu, because I take vitamins and athletes, then I should know – it does not work." Mortality or immature diseases are more affected by specific immunity and human genetic characteristics, and the risk of illness is increased due to stress, fatigue, piercing, unbalanced nutrition, overheating and cooling. In turn, the severity of influenza determines several factors, including body response.
"There are cases when, due to strong immunity, the organism is" too active "to respond to influenza viruses, and the inflammatory process produces significant symptoms of influenza, which means that the disease is stronger. But usually in these cases, thanks to the strong immunity, the patient successfully cures "explains Dumpis.
Myth number 2 "Influenza vaccine can be harmful to health"
Such a statement has no evidence and can not be scientifically corroborated, on the contrary, studies have proven to be a reliable and effective vaccine. Vaccination can cause transient reactions – fever, swelling and pain in the seams that last up to two days.
Accordingly, it can be convincingly stated that the vaccine is the safest way to prevent the spread of the flu. "It is paid by comparing the cost of the vaccine with the costs of treatment and taking into account other personal economic losses associated with illnesses, such as the use of the site of sick leave. Every year people die in Latvia who could protect the vaccine," says Dumpis.
Myth number 3 "Pregnancy vaccine is particularly dangerous"
Absolutely the opposite! Pregnant women are at high risk and vaccination is particularly recommended for them, and the state compensates for the cost of buying a flu vaccine by 50% for pregnant women.
"Influenza is particularly dangerous for pregnant women due to the high temperature affecting the fetus, negatively influencing the development of the fetus and endangering the benefits of pregnancy. It has been shown that pregnant women can be immunized at any period of pregnancy and this does not affect negatively the newborn.
On the contrary, the baby gets the necessary proteins from the vaccinated mother. Doctors who have been treated with the Resuscitation Department of infected infected with fungi will never want to recapture such cases in their practice. It's terrible if the pregnant woman needs a caesarean section because of the flu because of reanimation! ", Says Dumps on Effects of Flu.
Myth # 4 "It does not make sense to vaccinate, because it is not known what the flu will be this year"
Influenza viruses are very variable, so each year, in preparation for a new season of flu, exams that are a variant of the virus are most common in the previous season in different regions of the world and which changes have appeared in the structure of these viruses. Depending on this, the World Health Organization makes recommendations for the composition of the vaccine for the next season for the northern and southern hemisphere, respectively.
Sometimes a person who is vaccinated against influenza can still be influenza-influenced, especially if it is an elderly person or a person who is damaged by immunity.
Despite the fact that the flu vaccine can not be protected against the disease in all cases, it reduces the need for hospitalization for the patient, with complications and deaths related to influenza, and this is the most effective preventive measure.
Myth number 5 "Influenza can be infected only once a year"
People are more likely to be infected with the most commonly occurring influenza virus or dominant in the periphery and territory concerned. After taking the flu, a person becomes immune to the appropriate influenza virus. Given that the flu season lasts from November to May, and during the season, a series of different influenza viruses pass through, there may be a relapse, especially for an unvaccinated person, because the vaccinated person is protected by at least three or four of the most common flu viruses.
The flu epidemic, as a rule, begins in the second half of January, when children return to schools where they "exchange viruses" after the holidays, and the infection spreads rapidly to other populations.
Myth 6 "A man becomes infected after he first signs the symptoms of influenza"
No – a person infected with influenza spreads the virus one day before it starts to feel signs of illness – fever, bone loss, dry cough, neck pain, weakness and loss of appetite. It should be remembered that the infection has also been distributed to seemingly healthy people or to those with a slight symptom because they continue to attend educational institutions, work, and other public places.
The virus spreads in the form of small drops, infected choking, coughing and even speech, or contacts – shaking or touching a household item. The infection can be very simple, for example by touching the handle on the door and then carrying a nose or mouth with its impure hands. When it comes to breathing pathways, the virus rapidly collapses, and after a few days or even several hours, a person suddenly feels sick. In order to reduce the spread of infection, it is often necessary to wash your hands, clean rooms and, if possible, avoid visiting public places, especially during an influenza epidemic.
Material was prepared by the Ministry of Health and the Center for Disease Prevention and Control in a public awareness campaign "Do not let the flu get caught!". The aim of the campaign is to encourage population flu vaccination and raise awareness about the importance of vaccination, especially in those populations at high risk of complications related to influenza.