The young driver will reach the Queen category 30 years after the arrival of his father, who made his debut with Jordan’s team in 1991 in Belgium.
The 21-year-old will lead alongside Nikita Mazpin of Formula 2, who announced his incorporation on Tuesday.
Schumacher had to test Haas in the first free practice of the upcoming Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, before taking part in the youth experiences two days after the race on the same track.
Schumacher won his driver’s license after winning the Formula 3 title for the 2018 season with Prima, before moving on to Formula 2 with the same team the following season.
Schumacher is a member of the Ferrari Junior Academy and his incorporation into Haas represents a new step in the collaboration between the American brand and the Maranello team, which previously did not overturn the driver selection decisions.
Ferrari already has a driver with Alfa Romeo, with Charles Leclerc participating first with the team and then with Antonio Giovinazzi.
“The idea of participating in Formula 1 next year makes me very happy,” Schumacher said, “I don’t know what to say.”
And he added: “I would like to thank Haas, Ferrari and Ferrari Junior Academy for their trust in me.”
He continued: “A huge thank you to all the fans who have supported me throughout my career. I will give my best, as always, and look forward to participating with Haas.”