Panevežis Department of the National Center for Public Health at the Ministry of Health informs that on November 18, European Antibiotic Day is celebrated every year in Lithuania and across Europe. Today's goal is to remind health workers and the public of public health threats to antibiotics, antibiotic-resistant bacteria and to develop the proper use of antibiotics.
How is antibiotic resistance developing?
Bacteria become resistant to antibiotics when specific antibiotics lose the ability to kill bacteria or stop their growth. Some bacteria are naturally resistant to certain antibiotics (natural or natural resistance). Moreover, if any of the bacteria that are usually exposed to the effects of antibiotics, they become resistant to them due to genetic changes (acquired resistance). Resistant bacteria survive the antibiotic and continue to multiply, preventing disease or even causing death. Antibiotics-resistant bacterial infections may require more care and alternative and more expensive antibiotics, which can also have a more harmful side effect.
Unsatisfactory antibiotics – irresponsible use of antibiotics
Antibiotics do not help fight against viral infections, such as colds or flu. Antibiotics do not reduce fever and do not include symptoms such as killing, dried nose. Up to 80% of the cold is viral, so you do not get better with an antibiotic. They only fight bacterial infections effectively. Using antibiotics wrong, bacteria become resistant only to antibiotic treatment. Therefore, if you need antibiotics in the future, they may be ineffective.
Antibiotics should only be prescribed by your doctor
Many colds can cause the same symptoms, but their treatment may vary. If you have previously been prescribed antibiotics and have completely recovered, if you have similar symptoms, you would again want to take a pre-prescribed antibiotic. However, the doctor who just examined you can determine if antibiotics are needed to reduce the current symptoms.
How can you contribute to proper use of antibiotics?
- Never accumulate antibiotics for later treatment. If you have received more antibiotics (such as tablets, capsules) than you have, ask your pharmacist what to do with other medicines.
- Never try to buy non-prescription antibiotics.
- Under no circumstances should you use antibiotics left over from the previous treatment.
- Never share residual antibiotics with other people.
Flu vaccines and pneumococcal infections help prevent unnecessary use of antibiotics.
Antibiotics are indicated for the development of a complicated bacterial sum of the flu. Bacterial pneumonia is the most common complication of influenza, which leads to hospitalization of patients.
Vaccination against influenza and pneumococcal vaccines, especially for risk groups, aims to protect people against influenza and its bacterial complications, while avoiding and avoiding antibiotics.
From influenza and pneumococcal infection, more and more people have been vaccinated in the Panevezis region
In Panevežis, more and more people are vaccinated each year with both publicly vaccinated influenza vaccines: 2015. 9.714 people were vaccinated, 2016 – 10 454, 2017 – already 11.885. There is also an increase in the number of vaccines for pneumococcal vaccine for people at risk, infants and others: in 2015, vaccinated at 1 906, 2016 – 2 367, 2017 – 2,194 people.