Tuesday , October 26 2021

Was the destruction of this medieval city in the Bronze Age an inspiration to Sodom?


Tell Al Hamam the Jordan Valley According to a new 15-year study, this may have inspired the story of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

In a study published Monday in the journal Nature, archaeologists searched for the remains of Tell el-Hammam in order to find out what destroyed the ancient city in the medieval Bronze Age.

During this period, some 50,000 people lived in three cities in the Jordan Valley: Tell Al-Hamam, Jericho, and Tell Nimrin, and Tal Al-Hamam was the largest of the three cities. This means that it would have been the political center of the region before its destruction.

Radiocarbon dating has destroyed more than 50 years since 1650.

Examination of the remains revealed evidence of a devastating event involving high temperatures, such as pieces of pottery that dissolve and decompose on the outside, but on the inside are normal.

The buildings of Tell al-Hamam were built of mud bricks. Some were five stories high. In the upper part of the city, the destructive force demolished the buildings at the height of the foundations of the walls, leaving few bricks. From the palace in this part of the city, the walls of the first and upper floors were lost and most of the bricks were demolished.

In the lower part of the city, the buildings suffered more severe damage and investigators found evidence that the wreckage was cracked.

The towers of the wall surrounding the city were also destroyed by the remains of bricks that were found only at the height of the base of the towers.

An asteroid that falls to Earth and decays into the atmosphere (illustration). (Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

To find out the cause of this destruction, researchers drew up a list of possible events and checked their likelihood against site tests.

Initially, they investigated the possibility of fire, war, volcanic eruption, earthquake or lightning, but concluded that these events are unlikely to cause the kind of destruction they found at the site because none of them could produce the strong heat needed to dissolve them. I did … I found.

Rejecting these events, the researchers resorted to two more options: a cosmic effect or an explosion of cosmic air.

Consequences of the formation of the cosmic effect of the crater All the evidence found by archaeologists coincided, but was rejected as unlikely because no crater was found at this site.

The most likely cause of destruction was an explosion of cosmic air caused by a comet or meteor. The consequences of this incident also coincided with the evidence found by investigators and, using an impact calculator, they were able to estimate the details of the incident, including the shock wave that hit Jericho on the ground.

It can be assumed that the event that destroyed Tel al Hammam could have been seen and told from generation to time in the biblical times of Sodom, at which time this event inspired a story about stones and fire. He falls from the sky to destroy the city.

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