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A few common types of illness and disease can be genetically transmitted when you are born.
Genetic disorders occur when a person inherits a lack of DNA. These diseases and diseases are transmitted from parents to children when there is mutation within one or both copies of the genes.
Genetic disorders are among the most common types of inherited diseases and diseases. These diseases vary from person to person and depend on your genetic background. Therefore, people of different races may be more susceptible to certain diseases and diseases than others.
Here are 10 diseases and diseases that can be hereditary.
Cystic fibrosis is transmitted if both parents are carriers.
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Cystic fibrosis occurs when both parents transmit a defective cystic fibrosis gene. If a person has only one copy of a defective gene, he or she is considered a carrier of cystic fibrosis. The disease progresses over time, causing severe lung infections and affecting the person's ability to inhale, according to the Foundation Cystic Fibrosis.
People with Jewish origin have a greater chance of getting Crohn's disease.
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If you have Jewish ancestors, you are at greater risk of developing a Crohn's disease, according to the National Institute of Human Genome. This disease is known for causing expansion of the intestinal tract and inflammation. It can cause blockages, wounds, ulcers and general discomfort in the stomach and anus. It is estimated that about 20% of people with Crohn's disease have a blood relatives with illnesses.
One copy of the modified genes associated with Huntington's disease is sufficient to cause a disorder.
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Huntington's disease affects the brain and causes sporadic movements, emotional issues, and the reduction of cognitive function. Fatal illness usually occurs during your 30s or 40s, but is inherited at birth. One person gets a disease when one copy of a gene strike is transmitted by one parent, according to the US National Library of Medicine.
A child may receive a Serbian anemia if both parents transmit a gene for illness.
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The disease of Serbian cells is cut into your red blood cells and causes them to break apart. For someone to get the pain of Serbian cells, the child must inherit the genes of Serbian cells from both parents, according to Harvard's Brigham and the Women's Hospital. If a child gets one Serbian gene and one "normal" gene from both parents, the child is considered a carrier of the disease.
The disease of Serbian cells affects millions of people around the world. People from the region around the world, where malaria (or sometimes it was common), are likely to have sickle-cell pain. In the United States, African-American people are prone to the disease of Serbian cells. The characteristic of sickle cells is found in about 1 in each of 13 African-American babies, and the disease occurs in 1 of 365 365 African-American babies, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is more common with a boy.
Vojvođanska muscular dystrophy almost always occurs in boys. This syndrome can come from an altered gene on X chromosome. Those affected are experiencing muscle weakness starting in the lower part of the body, such as the legs. The National Human Genome Research Institute notes that a hereditary disorder is present in 1 in every 3,500 male births around the world.
Hemophilia can prevent blood from getting warm normally.
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When a person has haemophilia, their blood does not clot normally, so they are more susceptible to bleeding for a longer period of time. After surgery or injury, and even in some less severe cases, someone with hemophilia will continually bleed, according to the National Medical Library of the United States. And haemophilia A and B can be transferred from parents to child.
Thalassemia works to produce hemoglobin.
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Thalassemia causes anemia by affecting the amount of hemoglobin a person can produce. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that brings oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. "Alpha" and "beta" are the two most common types of thalassemia, according to the National Institute of Human Genome Research. If both parents transpose gene thalassemia to a child, that child will get a disease. You can be the carrier of thalassemia and you never have any problems with the disease.
Tai-Sachs disease is more common in people of Irish, Jewish and French-Canadian origin.
This rare genetic disease causes people to lose control of their muscles and reduce fine motor skills. There are certain groups that are prone to receive a hereditary disease, including the people of Ashkenazi Jewish heritage, according to the American medical library. People with French-Canadian and Irish descent are also susceptible to Tai-Sachs disease.
Factors that include lifestyle, ethnicity and age can contribute to the risk of heart disease. But genes also play a role.
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We often hear about heart disease, but did you know that many cardiac conditions are genetic? This includes arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, and high blood cholesterol levels. Lifestyle factors such as poor nutrition, lack of exercise and age can also play a role in your chances of developing heart disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is important to understand the history of heart disease in your family so you can take preventative measures to reduce your chances for a hereditary heart disease.
Two lines of kidney disease can be transmitted to others.
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Kidney disease is usually not considered hereditary, but there are two lines of form that can be passed from parent to child. A polycystic kidney disease is when the fluid bags form in the kidneys. It can happen to children and adults. These bags can also be found in other organs such as your liver, pancreas, and spleen, according to the National Kidney Foundation. Another genetic inherited type of kidney disease is known as Fabri disease. The disease can cause renal failure, although people with Fabri's disease can experience a range of systems from susceptible to serious.
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