Attacks on sub-Saharan migrants from Morocco, which are coordinated with Spain and the European Union, result in thousands of arrests, many with appropriate documents, arrest to remote parts of the country, or even expulsion.
RABAT, Morocco –
In a widespread retaliation, Sub-Saharan migrants in Morocco are faced with arbitrary arrests, promotion of distant parts of the country, and recent defamation, according to analysts and lawmakers.
Lawmakers claim that raids recognized by government officials began in the summer and coordinated the tide of migrants with Spain and the European Union on the continent. According to the Moroccan government, only immigrants who are illegally and trafficked are targeted.
The rebound began in June and increased at the end of July after at least 600 immigrants successfully crossed Ceuta's Spanish territories in northern Morocco. Sub-Saharan migrants, even those with a real residence permit, have described wholesale rounds, with fewer buses than the clothes they wore and taken hundreds of miles south of the city.
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Abdoulaye N. 31, a Senegalese immigrant who, like the other migrants interviewed in this article, asked him to use his name only because of the fear of retaliation.
Four years ago, he settled down in Tetuan, located in the Mediterranean Sea, where he received a residence card and was slowly integrated into the Moroccan society. He sold jewels on the market, sent money to his family, and generally low profile.
Even in September of September, five Polish police broke into a common apartment with the other two immigrants and arrested them. He said the raid was part of a simple document control, hours later found on a bus that took a night trip to a 600-mile south of Tiznit desert.
Far from isolated events, their exile is consistent with hundreds of other reports, according to human rights defenders, and many Sub-Saharan people are afraid of arrest and expulsion, they are often afraid to stay in their homes. GADEM, headquartered in Morocco's capital, Rabat, estimates that some 6,500 migrants have been arrested and compensated since retaliation.
The government has begun expelling some immigrants, rights groups say. A total of 91 migrants, including six minors, have been expelled since September. More 37 arbitrary detentions have been reported, GADEM has recently reported. In addition, the group said that many immigrants in the summer were dressed in shorts and tees, and now it is increasingly cold in the night.
The GADEM report on expulsion was supported by the Moroccan Human Rights Association, which provided video to the group of migrant groups and was deported.
At the same time, the Moroccan Human Rights Alliance in Nador, among other groups, reported on the attacks on migrants. Foreigners have never been accepted by native Moroccans who find themselves enjoying state benefits in a country that calls for jobs and health care for citizens.
Morocco's action against migration extended to its own nationals. At the end of September, the Moroccan Royal Navy shot and killed a young Moroccan woman who had boarded a boat and was full of migrants who illegally moved to Spain. Moroccan officials say the Navy opened fire after the vessel refused to stop, but some non-governmental organizations questioned the circumstances.
Door to Europe
For years, most immigrants seeking access to Europe have gone through Greece and Italy. But after the portals were shut down, immigrants came to Spain, where immigrants entering the country illegally rose to 40 623 this year, making it the leading destination for African immigrants.
The numbers that will enter Europe in 2015 are overshadowed by a million immigrants and asylum seekers, but about three times the number that entered 2016. This, in turn, resulted in rising immigration policy pressure in Spain.
Traditionally, Moroccan Mohammed VI. King publicly welcomed Sub-Saharan Africans. Yet, despite these statements of support, migration often seemed like encouraging concessions from Europe, said Helena Maleno Garzon, a human rights worker and founder of the Walking Borders group.
It is likely that something like this now appears and mentions a $ 275 million support package from the EU, and in September decided to seem to help deliver basic services and support job creation.
Moroccan Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita acknowledged retaliation, but asserted that he was fighting against unauthorized immigration and trafficking in human beings and strongly denied that Europe dictated the Moroccan migration policy.
"Morocco does not play and never plays a role as a policeman in the European Union," he said. "Morocco will continue to be a host country for Sub-Saharan Africans, so-called" evictions "are being prepared according to the norms." Embassies in the African countries are involved in the process of identification. "
Analysts say, however, they do not deny that the two governments work closely with the issue.
"Spanish and Moroccan officials have a very intense and permanent relationship with hot topics, such as immigration, security, coordination and other things," says Haizam Amirah-Fernández, senior analyst at Elcano Royal Institute. Madrid Research Institute.
"Depending on who asks, the interpretations are different," he said. "If the number of arrivals is high, it is understandable that this is the message sent by the Moroccan authorities, saying that we are not happy for this or that."
Consuelo Rumí, Spanish State Secretary for Migration, Rabuban visited this month that Spain was willing to "Morocco's voice in the European Union" to help Morocco receive financial and financial support for control migration. Rumí also said that his government is trying to regulate the estimated 200,000 papers in Morocco, who are living in Spain with a residence permit.
Whatever the motivation for retaliation, human rights groups condemned the attack. GADEM said that many immigrants, such as Abdoulaye N., did not know that they were forbidden until they fell hundreds of miles away from their homes, and many reported abusive treatment. TOILET.
The Moroccan Human Rights Association shared the videos and photographs of officials who had black-skinned migrants in Tangier, Tetuan and Nador buses and left them in the south. Strict police treatment also appeared in local news reports.
"It is astonishing to see that children of minors include these brutal punishments, as well as UN-recognized asylum seekers and refugees, as well as registered immigrants with residence permits," said Heba Morayef, director of Amnesty International Middle East and North Africa, in a statement .
It is estimated that 70,000 Sub-Saharas live in Morocco, although the number is difficult to control. About 24,000 received papers in the legalization campaign that began in 2014 and another 28,400 in 2017.
N. Abdoulaye thought that he was the one who had received the program until his arrest.
"The legalization campaign is unnecessary," he said. "The fact that we have the residence cards and still started us. At first we left us in the markets and in the streets quietly. Now they are preventing us from working with or without paper."
Law groups say that some people died during rounds, usually under dark conditions.
A 16-year-old Mali boy was arrested in the Tangier market, and an elderly Gambian man was fatal, near the Kenitra town, apparently following a bus ride, the Moroccan Human Rights Association reported.
"This is a huge step towards Morocco," said Maleno Garzon, who has been in Tangier for more than 15 years. "As the Moroccans see the authorities arresting these immigrants, they automatically assume they are criminals and nourish racism and xenophobia."
The result is an increasing hostility to immigrants, whether legal or not. Many people say they are publicly only in groups to attack the attacks. "Even if you're working, your heart is not in peace," said a 39-year-old woman from Côte d'Ivoire, who just gave her the first name, Pelagie. – Our children have been terrorized. We can not go to the grocery store without being scared.