Tuesday , July 5 2022

When reducing damage to options


KUALA LUMPUR, November 10 – The term for the reduction of damage was first introduced in Malaysia when the government tried to use several measures in the hope of reducing HIV infections.

The methadone replacement therapy and syringe needle exchange program have since been shown to work with injecting drugs that contribute only five percent to new infections last year.

The reduction of damage, according to Harm Reduction International, is a term that refers to "policies, programs and practices aimed primarily at reducing harmful health, social and economic consequences of the use of lawful and illegal psychoactive drugs without necessarily reducing the consumption of drugs".

After that, the term has been used lately for tobacco products.

Supporters are trying to use it as an alternative to getting cold turrets when it comes to smoking.

Research has shown that while people are addicted to nicotine, this is not the main cause of smoking-related illnesses.

So, what happened was a growing number of manufacturers who found alternatives such as vaping, tobacco products, and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) such as rubber and patches.

Studies and research, however, are still under way in this debate on the reduction of damage against a complete break.

Prof Dr Shamsul Bahri Md Tamrin from the University of Putra Malaysia said at the faculty of medicine and science about health that leaving without any help was still considered the best method, although the prescription of BAT can be considered a method for quitting smoking.

He added that another method – using tobacco powder or tobacco heating – is another possibility of operational ejection of habits.

"In my opinion, less harmful tobacco products should be considered an alternative to quitting smoking, although it does not eliminate the overall risk for smokers.

"However, risk reduction is an important step for smokers to give up if they are given the ability to switch to such reduced alternatives to hazards."

Dr. Shamsul Bahri said that education on factual and accurate information is necessary without prejudice in respect of products with reduced risk.

"The current perception today is that nicotine is the main cause of smoking-related illnesses, which is untrue."

He also recommended that reduced risk products should be considered a tobacco product, but they are complemented with information that they are likely to present a lower risk of harm than smoking.

Ng Iee Guan, also from the faculty, says leaving the cold turkey may not be a viable option, as the expected withdrawal effects can affect the judgment of a smoker trying to give up.

He said there was a need to review the effectiveness of the use of NRT by patches or gums as smokers statistics seem not to be significantly reduced, and smoking cases were maintained.

Ng also said that the key problem of smoking conventional tobacco was toxic smoke produced when a cigarette was lit up.

"As such, recent developments have seen the introduction of several alternative products that enable the use of tobacco without combustion.

"Instead of quenching, technology now controls the temperature by heating the tobacco, giving the necessary taste while maintaining the delivery of nicotine."

Various research, he added, in the scientific aspects of these products revealed a reduction in the level of risk and risk.

Regarding the legislation on low-risk products, Ng said that the legislator could form a commission and conduct its own research to confirm the findings presented to them.

After that, after considering the scientific facts and evidence, the reduction of risky products should be enabled by smokers.

"However, certain contradictory measures should be launched to ensure that these products do not promote the launch of tobacco products by non-smokers and access to children."

Assoc prof. Asrul Akmal Shafie of Universiti Sains of the Malaysian School of Pharmaceutical Sciences said that reduced sophisticated products are accepted by slanderers and legislators, it was necessary to present good, robust and transparent evidence of the risks and benefits of the product.

It should also be an incentive for legislation to regulate modified tobacco-related products.

"This will reduce the ambiguity of the appropriate measures to manage such products on the market," he said, adding that more evidence is needed to generate in order to measure the possible social and behavioral impact of the product.

"Partner with the appropriate independent third party to promote solutions to reduce tobacco and public health".

<p class = "canvas-tekt canvas-tekt Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "tekt" content =Creating smoke-free environments"data-reactid =" 54 ">Creating smoke-free environments

Ironically, the tobacco company is part of a smoke-free environment, but Philip Morris International (PMI) is moving in that direction after studies have shown that cigarette smoke has about 6,000 constituents, many of which are harmful and formed by combustion of tobacco, although it is not known which are responsible for smoking-related illnesses.

For this purpose, the company has found various products, including Ikos, available at selected sales outlets in the Klang valley, which heat the tobacco bar in the device instead of burning it.

This means that the tobacco is heated below 400 ° C, there is no sustainable heat, it is a process without oxygen that has no ash or solid particles.

They also conducted clinical studies inspired by pharmaceutical practices and in accordance with the US Food and Drug Administration and good laboratory practice, good clinical practice and good epidemiological practices.

Clinical studies are conducted by external research organizations.

The company invested more than $ 4.5 billion ($ 18.68 billion) and engaged more than 430 research and development experts from one third of their scientists who have experience in natural science.

They also have more than 2,350 approved patents around the world.

PMI External Communications Manager Joshua Tovnsend said the company is looking for products that are significantly less harmful to change public health outcomes.

"There was a drop in smoking much faster than expected," he said.

Smokers, who completely switched to Ikos in two weekly and two trimester clinical studies, reduced their exposure to significantly 15 toxic substances, while little interest in those who never smoked or quit smoking to take over the device.

Laboratory studies also show that lower levels of toxic substances in vapors from Icoses compared with cigarette smoke.

It also does not adversely affect the quality of indoor air and does not constitute a source of smoke from secondary waste.

<p class = "canvas-tekt canvas-tekt Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "tekt" content =related articles The Rich Chile resort forbids smoking in parks and squares Tobacco products for regular packaging in Singapore since 2020 should be passed law Minister of Health: Ciggie's price increase must take into account the impact on B40"data-reactid =" 67 ">related articles Neighborhood of rich chile forbids smoking in parks and squares Smaller tobacco products in Singapore from 2020, should pass bill Health Minister: Ciggie price increase must take into account the impact on B40

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