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Advantages and disadvantages according to the study carried out by the government



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The PvC consulting firm presented the government with two options that exclude the recurrence of the timing between GMT and GMT + 1. Here are details of the advantages and disadvantages of each option on which the government has based its decision to maintain GMT + 1 throughout the year.

The Reform of the Ministry of Administration and Public Service published a synopsis document of the study on the change of legal time in Morocco.

A study by the PvC government for the government presented various possible scenarios related to legal time in Morocco.

There are three:

– Apply GMT time zone throughout the year.

– Apply GMT + 1 time zone throughout the year.

– Adopting GMT / GMT + 1 time system changes.

According to this Moroccan study, supported by international studies, The negative effects of this system are mainly related to the repetition of time changes, not on the selected time zone. It is therefore recommended to adopt a certain timepiece throughout the year.

Based on these conclusions, only two alternative conditions remained for the government: permanent adoption, either GMT or GMT + 1.

The study looked at the advantages and disadvantages of each of these two options. The first consequence of choosing to maintain a time zone throughout the year is the time difference with different countries of the world.

Therefore, as illustrated in the following infor- mation, the adoption of GMT + 1 reduces the time difference in most African, European and Asian countries. It increases for the countries of the American continent.

With GMT, there are energy costs

According to the study, GMT is a spindle most suitable for work and school schedules during winter, but reduces energy savings.

Advantages of adopting GMT:

– This time zone corresponds to the geographical position of Morocco.

– GMT maintains the balance of the agricultural sector that lives and evolves with the rhythm of the sun.

Shortage GMT:

– GMT reduces the sense of security of citizens in the evening

– The lack of a positive impact of time on summer energy consumption calculation will require the development of appropriate mechanisms to meet energy demand during peak hours of more than 84 megawatts, which is an investment cost estimated at 220 MDH per year.

– Incineration of fuel oil for additional energy production during the summer period will increase CO2 emissions by 50 million tons per year.

– Difficulties in achieving energy security during peak periods.

>> Read also: Times in Morocco: energy argument decrypted

With GTM + 1, the school schedule has to be adjusted

Advantages GMT + 1:

– GMT +1 provides an extra hour of sunlight that can be invested in cultural and entertainment activities and recreation;

– Helps maintain the rhythm of energy savings.

– Improves the energy security of the kingdom.

– Allows to reduce CO2 emissions.

– Contributes to the stimulation of internal consumption.

– Suitable for specific time-sensitive sectors (outsourcing and subcontracting), such as offshoring.

Lack of GMT + 1:

– This schedule requires adjusting school hours.

– Reduces the sense of security among citizens during the winter morning.

– It can lead to increased consumption of electricity in the winter period.

– Requires additional investments for accompanying measures for public lighting, security and transport.

>> Read also: GMT + 1: Decree on Government Schedules published in the BO

Followed by measures proposed by the government

The consulting firm has proposed accompanying measures for the implementation of the selected scenario. Some measures are of a general nature, regardless of the option adopted. The rest are GMT-GMT-1.

Common measures are recommended:

– Institutional consultations with stakeholders.

– Review the legal framework of the Kingdom's legal age.

– Communicate on the new legal time system in the Kingdom before and after its adoption.

– Inform stakeholders in the area of ​​public transport, communications and information technologies.

– Submit an approved scenario throughout the year to a periodic evaluation.

Specific measures for the adoption of GMT as a legal time:

– Provide energy investments needed to meet energy demand in peak periods, representing 0.17% of annual energy consumption (equivalent to 220 million DH per year between investment budget and energy costs). import of fuel).

– continuous development of energy consumption.

– Encourage the use of renewable energy sources.

Specific measures for the adoption of GMT + 1 as legal time:

– Adopt appropriate schedules for the school, while avoiding the creation of the same negative effects caused by the system of clock changes (biological clock disorder, lack of concentration, awakening and productivity …).

– Adopt the principle of flexibility in working time to ensure the maintenance of positive effects of the time of the summer time.

– Talk to trade unions and CGEM about the implementation of the privatization sector privatization schedules.

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