Antibiotic-resistant bacteria not only endanger lives but also affect health systems: they could lead to 3.5 billion annual costs by 2050 in each OECD country, according to a report released on Wednesday.
Completion of an excessive antibiotic prescription may be one of the measures to combat bacteria.
"These bacteria are more expensive than influenza than from AIDS, but from tuberculosis. And they will cost even more if the state does not act to solve this problemMichele Cechini, OECD Public Health Specialist (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) for AFP.
According to him, countries already devote an average of 10% of their health budget to the treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
According to projections from the report on 33 of the 36 OECD countries, resistant bacteria could kill 2.4 million people in Europe, North America and Australia by 2050.
A separate study, published on Monday in the magazine Lancet infectious disease, is the number of deaths that can be attributed to these bacteria in 2015 in the European Union.
However, we could fight "simple measures" at moderate cost, according to the OECD: "encourage better hygiene"(encouraging, for example, hand washing),"put an end to the prescription of antibiotics"or generalize quick diagnostic tests to determine if the infection is viral (in which case antibiotics are useless) or bacteria.
According to the OECD, these measures cost only $ 2 per person per year and prevent three quarters of death.
"Investments in a large public health program that include some of these measures can be amortized over a year and result in savings of $ 4.8 billion a year"the OECD estimates.
Health authorities, from the World Health Organization (WHO), regularly warn of the risk of excessive antibiotic consumption, making resistant resistant bacteria. Small children and elderly people are particularly vulnerable.
"In Brazil, Indonesia and Russia, between 40 and 60% of infections are already resistant, compared with an average of 17% in OECD countries"emphasizes the other.
Still worrying "it is expected that the resolution on antibiotics of the second or third line will be 20% higher than in 2005These antibiotics, however, are those that should be used as a last resort, when there is no other solution.
It started on November 8, 2018
Suppression of Superbug Tideb – OECD – November 7, 2018 (Online Report)