Tuesday , March 2 2021

What is swine flu?

What is swine flu?

Swine flu, also known as influenza A (H1N1), was an acute respiratory disease that began in 2009, when the world suffered a particularly serious epidemic that the World Health Organization (WHO) has described of "pandemic". .

The death of a pregnant woman of thirty-five years of age, on Monday, January 28, at a private clinic in Casablanca, due to her family belief in the swine flu virus (H1N1), It caused concern The Moroccans, who fear that this deadly virus will once again be born after a long time

Swine flu, as its name suggests, generally only infects pigs, but sometimes affects humans. The reference to pigs began in 2009, when the world suffered a particularly serious epidemic that the World Health Organization (WHO) called "pandemic."

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the largest public health institute in the United States, define the swine flu as "A respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that regularly cause flu epidemics. Flu viruses that commonly circulate in pigs are called "swine flu viruses". As with human influenza viruses, there are different subtypes and strains of the swine flu virus ".

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According to data collected by these centers, under the auspices of the US Department of Health, 4,571 cases of swine flu and 169 deaths from the disease were registered this year until January 27. This is a higher infection rate than in the last years: 2018, 2017, 2016 and 2015, which registered 14,992, 38,811, 1,786 and 42,592 cases, as well as 1,103, 2,270, 265 and 2,990 deaths, throughout the year. In Morocco, the first cases of virus contamination were announced between October 24 and 29, 2009. The death of the first victim of this flu occurred on November 15, 2009. It is He is about a 23 year old Moroccan young man, who died in Oujda.

According to WHO: "Most people do not consider the flu to be a serious illness: symptoms of headache, headache, coughing, and muscle aches can cause people to confuse it with a cold. Even so, seasonal flu kills 650,000 people each year. That's why influenza vaccines are so important, especially to protect young children, elderly people, pregnant women or people with a compromised immune system. "

→ Read also: The epidemiological situation of seasonal flu is "normal"

According to WHO, the vaccine against this flu still corresponds to a pre-virus strain that makes it less effective. But " the production of vaccines is possible whenever the virus is identified, but it requires some time ".
Meanwhile, Tamiflu, a drug used against avian influenza, has sometimes shown its effectiveness for this virus, adds the organization.
However, the seasonal flu vaccine does not protect against swine flu.

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