The Human papillomavirus (HPV) It is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and can affect the genital area (vulva, vagina, penis and anus), mouth and throat. In spite of this, it is easy to prevent, because there is a vaccine that can be applied to girls and boys for 9 years or more.
Like many other diseases, there are myths and taboos that often confuse the population. Therefore, experts of the League of Cancer address the most common concerns about this virus.
1. Only women can get HPV
FALSE. Men can also suffer from viruses. It is estimated that most men and women with active sex life will have this infection at some point in their lives.
2. Only women can be vaccinated against HPV
FALSE. Vaccination of children aged 9 to 14 years is recommended using 2 doses with an interval of 6 months. In women and men over 15 years of age 3 doses are administered, and after 2 months the first and third dose after 4 months of second dose.
3. There is only one type of HPV
FALSE. There are more than 100 species, of which 16 and 18 are considered at high risk, who are also responsible for 70% of cervical cancer, the main cause of death from this disease in women in Peru. In the same way, these soyans can cause vulvar, anal and vaginal cancer. In the meantime, strains 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of warts.
4. Vaccine against HPV improves the onset of sexual activity
FALSE. The vaccine protects girls from HPV. The beginning of sexual life will depend on the education and information you receive from your parents, school, and community.
5. Taking HPV means having cancer
FALSE. Having HPV does not mean having cancer. This is because not all the soy viruses are carcinogenic.
6. HPV presents symptoms
FALSE. Most people infected with this virus have no symptoms. Those who are affected do not always have health problems. The only manifestations of HPV (which are not always present) are genital warts and some types of cancer.
The Ministry of Health submits a free human papillomavirus vaccine for girls of the fifth grade of primary school in public or private schools, whose parents must sign an "INFORMATION COUNCIL" approving to be immunized, or between 9 and 13 years if they are applied in the Health Center.
Parents who want to vaccinate their daughters or children who are not in the vaccination group can access Vaccination Centers and private clinics.