Sunday , October 2 2022

Lung cancer, the most deadly and one with less attention in Latin America


In the study, presented at the Congress of the Mexican Society of Oncology (SMEO), data from 12 Latin American countries were analyzed, suggesting that 99% of lung cancer cases are diagnosed in Mexico in the third or fourth phase, while in other countries of the region the rate from 85%.

Irene Mia, Global Editorial Director of EIU, pointed out that there is not enough data or registration in the Latin American region in terms of this type of cancer, so we worked on identifying three priority areas in health policies for cancer control: tobacco control, access and early diagnosis.

Health experts working in the research found that the stigma about this type of cancer barrier that prevents the commitment of more specific policies and resources to other types of cancer.

Read more: Blood tests help predict the risk of lung cancer

"Smoking smokers are thought to have contracted the disease," said Dr. Oscar Arrieta, head of the National Cancer Institute's (INCan) lung unit, and stressed that smoking is an addiction in which the Mexican state "Did not do enough to prevent it."

Although smoking is still the main cause of lung cancer, 40% is due to unrelated causes, such as the presence of arsenic in water, air pollution and the use of fuel wood as fuel in kitchens.

In Mexico, this type of cancer is not covered by Seguro Popular, which covers more than 40% of the population that does not have private insurance or social security, which contributes to positioning the country at low levels in the country. tobacco control, access and early diagnosis.

In Latin America, 60,000 people die of lung cancer each year, while in Mexico 10,000 new cases are diagnosed in 2010, and according to Arrieta, by 2025, it is expected that the number will be doubled to 20,000. that "mortality will be very similar".

Related: Lung cancer causes 60,000 deaths a year in Latin America

Ricardo Perez Cuevas, director of research at the National Institute of Public Health, said the study reflects the challenges to improving prevention, diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer, plus there is no unique answer to the problems associated with this in the United States. Latina

Perez Cuevas said in Mexico, INCan, the Mexican Health Foundation and the National Institute of Public Health are working on a proposal based on the costs of combating lung cancer and smoking, which will be presented to the Mexican authorities.

"We hope that the policy for the protection against lung cancer is stable, has the necessary background and we can progress in the approach and treatment efficiency," the expert concluded.

Source: EFE

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