preinfarction or unstable angina is emergency medicine because it can develop rapidly into an acute myocardial infarction.
mild heart attack: The main manifestation of angina is chest pain caused by athermal plaques. They develop complications by blocking vessels that irrigate the heart. .
Symptoms of pre-infarction
You may think that you have angina if you have at least one of the following signs or symptoms:
– Pain in the chest, behind the chest bone, goes to the left upper leg, madibula, teeth or even to the back;
– Pain is like pushing, weight, burns or even claws that lower you;
– With the onset of pain, you get a sense of immediate death and become upset;
– it has nausea and vomiting;
All these manifestations occur when exercising, if you are upset, after a sexual relationship, after an abundant meal or if you are in a cold; They can last longer than 15 minutes in case of a pre-infarction. It may happen that in the case of unstable angina, pain develops in a state of rest and may disappear after the administration of nitroglycerin.
Symptoms of preinfection in women
Women may have different symptoms in men, because they do not feel a sign or tension in the chest. In their case, signs of angina include tightness in the chest, dizziness, difficulty in breathing, or abdominal pain. All of these symptoms can occur in other conditions, so the diagnosis is often delayed.
How dangerous is the pre-infarct?
You must know that unstable angina is most often followed by a heart attack. From the first chest pain, you should contact a doctor who will make an electrocardiogram and a set of analyzes. These will give valuable indications of the risk of heart attack.
Treatment of unstable angina
Treatment of unstable angina is reminiscent of the treatment of infarction. You must know that if you have an unstable angina crisis, you must be hospitalized in an intensive care unit, you will be supervised and you will not be allowed to leave the bed.
For the treatment of pain you can get a sedative and even a morphine. In the first hours of receiving, if you suffer from choking, you will also get oxygen. You can receive intravenous nitroglycerin every 5 minutes as a drug, provided that the blood pressure does not fall below 100 mm Hg; propanolol, nifedipine, xylene, or heparin with acenocoumarol are other medicaments for the treatment of unstable angina.
Aspirin at a dose of 70-160 mg / day and chlorpidogrel are platelet antiaggregants that prevent the formation of clots that can block blood vessels.
And statins are part of an unstable angina drug, which is recommended from the first day of treatment. They reduce cholesterol and act on the plaque of atheroma, the main cause of heart attack.
Angina pectoris can worsen if you have fever, anemia, hypo-or hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthyroidism, or if the lungs do not function properly.
mild heart attack: Risk factors include:
– over 60 years old
-Iistor family history of ischemic heart disease
– High blood cholesterol levels
– high blood pressure, smoking
– insulin treated with diabetes
– sedentarism, obesity, male sex-estrogen that has a protective role
– Excessive consumption of refined sugar, saturated fat, alcohol
-simnosomatic type A: ambitious, energetic, aggressive, impatient
– professions with increased stress.