Older children are most exposed to respiratory viruses because the immune system is very fragile. There are over 200 serotypes of viruses that cause respiratory viral pneumonia (rhinovirus, adenovirus, coronavirus, including influenza and paragrapal viruses).
Influenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease. caused by one of the three types of influenza A virus. B or C.
The influence is manifested by: 380C; irritable cough; headache: myalgia; asthenia, changed general condition.
The unfounded administration of antibiotics only creates resistance to this type of drug over time. If the body later faces bacterial superinfection, antibiotics do not reach their goal, writes ziarmedical.ro.
General recommendations for disease prevention:
Vaccination against influenza – Postvaccinal protection acquired by the influenza vaccine started 14 days after immunization. The influenza vaccine is administered to people in risk groups through the National Immunization Program.
Risk categories include those aged between 6 months and 64 years old, registered in family physicians with chronic lung, cardiovascular, metabolic, neurological kidney, diabetes, asthma or human immunodeficiency virus: pregnant women; adult children living in social welfare institutions; persons providing health care, social protection, home care for people at high risk and persons over 65 years of age.
The period during which the vaccine should be administered is October-December each year. The vaccine used is different from season to season and its composition was established by the World Health Organization. which sends the vaccine formulation to all manufacturers.
Recommendations for preventing respiratory viruses:
appropriate food (especially vegetables and fruits); avoiding exposure to the cold, wear appropriate clothing in accordance with ambient temperature;
moderate exercise, avoiding intellectual physical superstition, sufficient night break;
citing smoking, drinking alcohol that produces excess caffeine (coffee, carbonated cocktails).
To prevent the disease, we recommend that you follow the rules of personal hygiene, manual hygiene of cough:
often washing hands with water and soap, especially in situations of participation in public activities (workplace, schools, public catering establishments). Wash or disinfect your hands frequently. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap water – with a pulse duration of 20 seconds. especially after coughing or sneezing.
Alcoholic disinfectants at hand reduce the amount of influenza virus from contaminated hands. but washing with soap is much more efficient; in the case of cough, the use of disposable handkerchiefs is recommended to prevent infections of potentially infected strokes; after use, the wipes will be thrown to the garbage; – Do not have close contact with patients who cough or sneeze (at least 1.5 m):
- avoiding crowds (exhibition spaces, discos, other cultural or sports facilities, public transport), there is an increased risk of transmission of acute respiratory infections from apparently healthy people to the incubation phase;
- in the case of restrictive or restrictive measures to access sanitary facilities in accordance with these provisions. even before a complete ban on visits by the application of protective measures, the moment of entry into the sanitary unit is forbidden;
- self-isolation at home in cases of signs of illness such as fever, nausea, headache, throat pain to inform the family doctor about the symptoms as soon as possible in order to plan the possibility of consultation.
In case of worsening of these signs, especially during the night or on non-working days. can be called without a fee 112 or the persons affected can be presented in the guards of the nearest hospital.
Do not visit ill people from the flu, if not absolutely necessary.
If you visit a sick person with flu, it is advisable to wear a mask while in the same room; frequent ventilation of rooms.
The patient's isolation device must be well ventilated and cleaned daily for personal use (water detergents or disinfectants).