A viral infection of the nose, throat and throat can be a trigger for thyroid gland inflammation. Although this concomitant inflammation is quite rare and occurs most often in middle-aged women, it is important to recognize it on time, because even then the recovery is slow and lasts for several months. Since it has similar symptoms like inflammation of the ear, throat, or throat, inflammation of the thyroid gland is often unnecessarily and unsuccessfully treated with antibiotics.
Professor Dr. Jasmina Ciric, an endocrinologist of the Clinical Center of Serbia, says viral inflammation of the thyroid gland is called subacute thyroiditis.
"This disease is very often noticed within a month of some viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, so it is thought to be caused directly by viruses or a postural inflammatory process. Epidemiological data show that this disease has a seasonal character with a higher occurrence during autumn and summer, and more frequent reports are reported in the epidemics of smallpox, "she said.
Professor Cirić says that apart from upper respiratory tract infections, inflammatory gland inflammation can be caused by influenza, cocaine, adenovirus, and virus that causes mumps.
Viral inflammation of the thyroid gland is most likely to be of poor immunity and those that are predisposed to be more vulnerable to viral infections.
"Inflammatory changes in the thyroid gland lead to a transient alteration of its structure, islets and enlargements. A significant, typical pain in the front of the neck with irradiation to the throat, ear or jaw is imitating the inflammatory diseases of these regions, therefore it is often wrong and unsuccessful liver antibiotics, "added Ciric.
Our interlocutor says that in the case of subacute thyroiditis, the thyroid gland is painful to the touch, but also without contact, it is often noticeably enlarged and hard. General signs of anxiety, such as weakness, tiredness, muscle and joint pain, moderate temperature rise may also occur. The start can be gradual and the course of the disease is variable weight.
"The diagnosis is characterized by a significant increase in sedimentation of erythrocyte and C-reactive protein (CRP), due to the destruction of the glandular tissue, the release of the thyroxine hormone (T4 increase) and the decrease in TSH occurs in the circulation of the hormones and symptoms of hormones There is also a specific test for the diagnosis of the disease, a fixation test for the radio, which is increasingly rarely applied since the ultrasound examination is reliable and simpler, "she said.
Recovery takes four weeks
The painful phase of thyroid gland inflammation lasts for up to four weeks. NSAIDs are used for treatment, and in the case of tachycardia, adrenergic beta-blockers are also administered.
"In case of severe and prolonged course of the disease, fewer penetration doses can be applied. In the recovery phase, a transient decline in thyroid hormones is detected, so their compensation is rarely needed. The recovery of the gland function is complete in 90% of cases, although it is possible to repeat the disease," says prof. dr Jasmina Ćirić ..