More than 90 percent of all cases of diabetes in the world are other types of diabetes mellitus, which, according to experts, have a particular impact on the way of life and the environment.
Sometimes it's about diabetes, but it's already present in children and young people. "The most important factor in the development of Type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity" says deputy president of the Slovak Society for Diabetes (SDS) Zbinek Schroner. He added that the cause of overweight and obesity in young people poor food with excessive consumption of high-energy foods with low fiber.
"We are talking about the so-called Coca-Colonization of Lifestyle", says Schroner. According to his words, an important factor is the current way of life for children. The incidence of Type 2 diabetes is different in different countries. We can say a significant increase in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, the second type of diabetes mellitus is most commonly found in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or West European countries, but according to Shroner, an increasing number of cases occur in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is still rarely present. "But we are worried that this situation will worsen," he says.
The basis of prevention and treatment are not drugs, but non-pharmacological measures, ie healthy diet and exercise. "A big role is played when parents lead children to real life. It is very important that children have fun in their physical activity, so a good choice is not a bike ride, but for example a skating, dancing or throwing " says Schroner. However, he added that it is important for diabetes to be a complete society.
"The genes permit another type of diabetes, but they do not succeed", says Viera Donichova of the SDS. Genetic susceptibility to type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for the disease to occur. "Risk factors such as the incidence of diabetes in a direct family relationship or elevated blood sugar in the past are important. An increased risk is present in women who have previously had diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and heart disease in the past or in the past " Donic added.
Patients with some risk factors should be tested once a year. Even in patients who do not have a risk factor, it is recommended to test the blood sugar level every three years. According to the 2002 Diabetes Prevention Program, people who have elevated blood sugar have reduced the risk of diabetes by 31 percent compared to patients who did not have any active substance. Physical activity reduces the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It's never too late to start practicing or changing your eating habits," says SDK President Katarina Rashlova. It also considers it important to raise awareness of healthy food.