Scientists and environmentalists did not expect people to turn to the plastic industry
Plastics, plastics, plastics …
Plastic is everywhere and now we decided it was a very bad thing. For many it is a surprise about 50 percent of materials from which cars and planes are produced today, about 50 percent. More clothes are made of nylon and polyester, which are plastic, like cotton or wool. The plastic is in the adhesive for sealing tea bags. Plastic toys, bottoms, used in the household, packaging. We live in the realm of a plastic, colorful and everyday material of modern life, writes Stephen Buranii at Guardian.
In the world each year we produce 340 million tons of plastic, which means it could fill all the skyscrapers in New York. Humanity has produced an inexplicable amount of plastic in decades. The amount of 100 tons was exceeded in the 1990s. In 2016, 59,000 tonnes of plastic waste was produced in Slovenia, which is 19 percent less than in 2015. Of this, households produced 5 percent or 3 tons of tonnes, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics.
Plastic waste has just started to care about people recently and we are witnessing an uprising that has a global dimension. It crosses borders and political divisions. Julian Kirbi of the environmental organization Friends of the Earth says that in almost twenty years, to the extent that he is an activist, he has not seen anything. With loud protests against plastic, people have forced those in power to act.
In the world each year we produce 340 million tons of plastic, which means it could fill all the skyscrapers in New York.
This is promising, says Stephen Buranii, but more has to be done from a plastic-free island in stores and use cardboard boxes. Plastic is not everywhere because it is better than natural materials that replace it, but because it is cheaper and easier. It's so much cheaper to waste it in the trash. For consumers this is convenient, and companies are happy to sell plastic packaging for every product they buy. Plastics has enabled today's consumer-based consumer-based low-cost and disposable products. Action against plastic is actually an action against consumerism.
It is interesting how fast the movement towards the plastic is spreading. Even in 2015, there were no mass protests against plastic, although we no longer knew about it more than today. Plastics only three years ago was just one of the problems, such as climate change, endangered animal species, resistance to bacteria on antibiotics, although in the early 1990s researchers found that 50 to 80 percent of the garbage in the oceans was inexplicable plastics, but that the quantity The plastic that flows into the rivers and the sea grows.
In 2004, Plimouth Richard Thompson, an ocean expert, described the term "microplastic". Researchers around the world then began to study how microplastics come to the organs of the animal and kill such large fish as tuna. In Georgia, Jenna Jambeck, an environmental expert at the University of Georgia with her group of researchers, estimates that between 4.8 and 12.7 million tonnes of plastic waste each year in the oceans each year and that this amount will be doubled by 2025. In the past, the media here and there published a story about worrying quantities of plastic waste, overcrowded landfills and waste exports. But this topic far from that is of no interest to them today. The influential ecologist at the University of California, Roland Geier, notes that between 2006 and 2016, journalists asked for less than ten interviews, over the past two years they made more than two hundred.
This is the result of a change in thinking caused by the addition of microparticles from plastic to cosmetics and cleaners. In 2010, scientists have begun to warn that these particles endanger life in the seas, and people are shocked to learn that they are in thousands of articles, including those with brands that manufacturers ensure that they are environmentally friendly. Later, people learned that huge amounts of microplastic fibers were dropped into the water even when every wash of clothes was made of nylon and polyester. When scientists began to show how these microfibers end up in the fish hoses, newspapers began to publish articles with titles such as "Yoga that destroys the Earth". Of rubber that contains 60 percent of plastic, while driving, more microplastic surfaces than cosmetics, cleaners and clothes together in the environment.
When scientists began to show how these microfibers end up in the fish hoses, newspapers began to publish articles with titles such as "Yoga that destroys the Earth". Of rubber that contains 60 percent of plastic, while driving, more microplastic surfaces than cosmetics, cleaners and clothes together in the environment.
Greenpeace, former director of Greenpeace Chris Rose, who writes an influential blog about the environment, explains that scientists have long warned that plastic is a dangerous pollutant. Scientists and environmentalists did not expect people to ever turn against it. Although we use it in everyday life, most people will have problems explaining what it is, who it produces and where it comes from if they ask them. This is understandable because plastic is a global industrial product that is made far from the public. Raw materials for production are fossil fuels, and many oil and gas production companies produce plastics, often in the same factories. The story of the plastic industry is a story about the fossil fuel industry, as well as the expansion of the oil-based consumer culture after the Second World War.
In decades of economic growth after the Second World War, plastics in consumer products replaced cotton, glass and cardboard. She did more than just complement this material, enabling expansion of consumption. "Our extremely productive economy requires us that consumerism be a way of life," economist Victor Lebov wrote in 1955. Plastic was a profit. A researcher at the Midvest Research Institute in 1969 wrote that this is a powerful force behind the development of a market for filling containers, that the withdrawal of each return bottle from the market means selling 20 grants.
According to Stephen Burani, plastic is the microcosm of all our environmental problems. Taking into account this logic, solutions to these problems are the same. In just a few years, people have, on the basis of scientific evidence of damage caused by plastic mass, organized pressure, pressed governments to adopt laws for its regulation, they even noticed in fossil fuels fossil fuels.
In a much larger fight against climate change, opposition to plastic can become a small, but encouraging victory, a model for future action.
Consumers today require less packaging in stores. Based on this, oil company BP estimates that the oil industry will buy two million barrels of oil in 2040 less than today. We noticed that we were obsessed with plastic. In a much larger fight against climate change, opposition to plastic can become a small, but encouraging victory, a model for future action.
This is an understanding of how problems are interconnected. It is a recognition that plastic is not an isolated problem that we want to exclude from our lives, but simply the most visible product of our unbearable consumption over the last fifty years. Although the challenge is great, oceanographer Richard Thompson, who invented the notion of microplasticity, is optimistic. Over the past 30 years, there has been no consensus among scientists, the economy and governments. So he sees the real options for the solution.