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The broken heart syndrome contains long-term dangers


Heartbreak syndrome can cause complications.

Although the broken heart syndrome is less dangerous than a heart attack. Nevertheless, life-threatening complications can occur.

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Thu 08 November 2018

Emotions and feelings can really affect the heart: broken heart syndrome, heart dysfunction, causes serious physical or mental stress. Researchers have now discovered that some patients may still die years later.


About 10 per cent of all people with a broken heart syndrome, also known as Takotsubo syndrome, also have cardiogenic shock. These doctors understand a life-threatening situation in which the heart suddenly no longer supplies the body with sufficient blood. Researchers at the University Hospital in Zurich, Switzerland, discovered for the first time that people with Broken Heart syndrome, complicated by cardiogenic shock, were at greater risk of premature deaths up to five years later. These patients had the following risk factors:

  • A broken heart syndrome is caused by physical stress such as surgery or asthma,
  • there has been cardiac arrhythmia (atrial fibrillation) and / or volume of lower stroke,
  • The results of X-ray or ultrasound findings showed an abnormality in the left ventricle,
  • There were risk factors for heart disease such as diabetes or smoking.

"Thanks to the research, we now know which Takotsubo patients develop cardiogenic shock in the acute phase of the disease and therefore need to be closely monitored because these patients also show an increased risk in the long run and therefore need to be monitored over a longer period," reports the study director and cardiologist doctor Christian Templin at the annual meeting of the American Heart Association.

Broken Heart Syndrome can cause symptoms similar to a heart attack. However, there is no myocardial damage or arterial occlusion, and patients usually recover in days or weeks if the patient overcomes an acute phase that endangers life. Generally it is believed that a broken heart syndrome is caused by stress hormones. In addition to physical stress, triggers can be extremely negative as well as positive experiences such as death or lottery victory.

Risk factors were identified by analyzing data from the largest international Takotsubo registry. There were 198 people who suffered cardiogenic shock compared to 1880 patients with no cardiogenic shock, most of them were women.


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