Sunday , May 22 2022

What is rabies and helps the vaccine?



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Last week, a British tourist died in Morocco after being bitten by a cat and infected with a rabies virus. Although there are only a few cases of rabies in most European countries, travel to other continents can provide the risk of infection.

Many of us know about rabies, but most people are not aware of the extent to which the virus is dangerous. Last week, a British tourist died in Morocco after being silenced, infected and not vaccinated in time by the cat.

Although rabies occurs almost everywhere, the number of cases is small in many places. Some countries of Northern Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan are rabid. There is a relatively large number of cases in Asia and Africa. Switzerland has officially been recognized as free from the earthly rabies since 1999.

Fear is an acute infection with a rabies virus that causes almost always deadly inflammation of the brain in mammals and birds. Most often, the virus is transmitted through contact with the saliva of infected animals. Typical virus carriers are dogs, blind mice and various predators. The transfer is usually done by a bite. But the virus can be transmitted differently: if the mucous membranes or open wounds come in contact with the spit of infected animals, this can lead to transmission.

Foam in front of the mouth

The course of infection may depend on several factors. After infection, the virus is multiplied at the contact site and then travels through the internal nerve fibers into the spinal cord and brain. If the virus reaches the bloodstream directly, it reaches the central nervous system faster. When this is achieved, the vaccine is no longer effective. The virus causes inflammation of the nervous system.

The period between infection and the first symptoms is about three months. This usually causes discomfort, headache, fever and itching, as well as tenderness in the area of ​​biting or scratching. This leads to paralysis and confusion, often causing anxiety, hallucinations and other symptoms. In addition, throat paralysis can occur, which affects speech and swallowing. As a result, the saliva can no longer be swallowed, after which a known foam appears on the mouth.

Who should be vaccinated against rabies?

In animals, infection is manifested in atypical behavior. Thus, e.g. Dogs bite and aggressively, they do not motivate and have increased sex drive. At a later stage, there is a paralysis, u.a. Dysphagia and the result of foam.

The Federal Public Health Institute (FOPH) recommends wiping the wound with soap and visit specialists for treatment in case of foreign animal injury. When traveling in high risk areas, recommendations on vaccination should be respected.

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