Friday , August 12 2022

Our moon is the hottest asset in the solar system


Last December, Trump signed the Kosovo Policy-1 Directive, by which NASA "directs an innovative and sustainable research program with commercial and international partners to expand human expansion through the Solar System and restore new knowledge and capabilities to Earth."

In essence, this move will help NASA better organize research efforts with its international partners and private spaceflight companies. "I do not even like to use the word back – to go to the moon, sustainably," NASA administrator Jim Bridenstein told the Senate hearing in September. "What we are doing now is quite different from what we did backwards [during the Apollo era]. "

To this end, NASA has since sent a Congress plan to establish the necessary infrastructure so as not to just return us to the Moon, but it has regularly returned there. This project is called the "Research Campaign", which focuses on three key areas: the Dutch Orbit (LEO), the mission crew to the Moon for Long-Term Residence and studies and robotic missions to Mars and beyond.

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<p>"The EM-1 will take Orion and the Space Launch system into a large lunar orbit, and it's actually an orbit that NASA has identified to do a mission to find asteroids that will bring a big baldachar to that orbit," said Mike Haves, Lockheed Martin & 39; s Orion. the <em>Observer</em> in 2016. "This will in essence be a test for this mission. To go and prove Orion's systems and come home."</p>
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The LEO phase appears to close the ISS by 2025, while simultaneously increasing the "breadth and depth of commercial and international LEO activities". As far as its lunar aspirations are concerned, NASA hopes to send the first unmanaged SLS over a month in a three-week mission by 2020, after which it will establish a Gatevai-based orbit of the moon, which will serve as a transition point for researchers to and from the lunar surface (on Landheed Martin designed), as well as a jump point for Mars missions. At the same time, NASA is planning to send a rover to Mars on Mars on a sample return mission by 2020, hoping to pursue more robotic missions on a red planet in an effort to search for evidence of life and assist in scouting the path for parliamentary missions in the future.

Gatevai will be wild. It will consist of a bar "of power and drive elements [with] power and propulsion units will be launched for the first time around 2022 through SLS missiles, which will not only allow Gatevai to adjust its lunar orbit, but will also serve as a communications platform for space applications. messages and space-to-month messages. It is expected that the housing elements will be delivered in 2024 and should allow the accommodation of astronauts for up to 60 days.


"Gatevai will give us a strategic presence in the cisterns, which will lead our activity with commercial and international partners and help us explore the moon and its resources," said Villiam Gerstenmaier, deputy administrator of NASA's Directorate for Research on Human Research and Operations. press release. "In the end, we will translate this experience into human mission to Mars."

But the US will not go to the Moon alone. China is not getting closer when it comes to lunar research. The mission series "Chang" will try to return samples from the Moon through robotic rover and orbit. Chang's 5 was set to start in 2019 and returned with 2 kilograms of clean, untreated month. Chang's 6 is still in development, but it is expected that between 2020 and 2024 a similar return mission will be made.

Japan has announced similar plans to set up a couple of robotic trenches on the Moon in 2020 and 2021. Unlike the US, Russia or China, who all put their property in orbit home rockets, the Japanese company dropped out decided to pass on its life in SpaceKs and his team Falcon 9s. The plan is that the built-in HARUKO rover (which was the finalist of the Google Award for the X award) is loaded into the SpaceKs space vehicle, raised them into the orbit of the High Earth, and then freed up useful loads so that they could reach the rest of the moon's moon inertial force.

Israel has ambitious plans for work. As part of the LDEP (Lunar Discoveri and Exploration Program), NASA and Space-Space based in Israel, SpaceIL, a partner will deliver a lunar rover to the surface of the month of 2019.

This mission depends on Rover's ability to instigate as much dust as possible from the moon's dust. This will enable NASA's Lunar Scout Orbiter to scan the flame for signs of poultry and hydrogen, which could eventually be used as rocket fuel precursors. SpaceIL Lander will also be equipped with laser retroreflectors – a series of mirrors that can be used for hyper-accurate distance measurements. There are no plans just to use strings, but they could form the basis for a larger navigation line sometime in the future.

However, the European Space Agency plans to launch all these missions – they are moving. The project, which was released in August, implies the use of rich basaltic dust as a foundation for construction. In particular, concrete.

"Monthly bricks will be made of dust," ESA scientific adviser Aidan Covlei wrote in a recent press release. "From it you can create solid blocks for building roads and launching pads or habitats that protect your astronauts from a difficult lunar environment." Not only that, this dust of the moon can also have the key to significantly expand our stay when we arrive there.

"One of the great things about the lunar soil is that 40% is made up of oxygen," added Covlei. If we can understand the way to effectively break down oxygen bonding chemicals, we could use dust deposits not just for breathing gases, but also as a component of rocket fuel. A private company jumped on this renewed race to the Moon.

Obviously, you have major players like SpaceKs, who are planning to send the first series of tourist sites around the dark side of the month early next decade; Blue Origin, which recently announced a reservation for its suborbital tours for satellite travel, and hopes to supply its lunar power by 2023; and Virgin Galactic, who, after a tragic failed flight earlier this year, set a new start of flight tests on his SpaceshipTvo.

Many smaller drivers also work their way to the moon. Astrobot based on Pittsburgh is developing a lunar landing gear, called Peregrine, which should carry 584 kilograms of payload to the surface of the Moon at a rate of $ 545,000 per kilogram. The company expects to visit for the first time in mid-2020. "It's a pretty crucial moment, we think, for the month, the earth and the world," Dan told Hendrickson, vice president for business development at Astrobot, for space in January.

With interest in the lunar rush hour, things will probably become quite crowded, which in turn can lead to international conflicts on the territory and limited resources. Unfortunately, the 1979 Agreement, which deals with the activities of states on the Moon and other celestial bodies (a Monthly Agreement) will not be of great benefit since none of the major players (such as the US, China or Russia) actually did not sign it. But again, there is always a space force.

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