A trip from tropical Central America, from the jungle to the gigantic capital of Mexico, and then to the desert that leads to the United States. USA, It reduces the health of excessive caravan migrants, who have the risk of developing respiratory infections such as tuberculosis and influenza.
At dawn this week, nearly 5,000 Central American people, mostly in Honduras, marched to Tijuana, where from which they want to seek asylum in EE. UU., Although the president of that country, Donald Trump, signed a presidential order last week limiting the possibilities of asylum seekers on the border with Mexico, and prevents this protection from those who approach their country in an irregular manner.
Pressing a car with children still sleeping and pulling heavy jeans that were facing cold nights in Corregidor's outer corridors in the central state of Queretaro reached the place where the road begins with Guanajuato's neighbor. The first symptoms of the earthquake among migrants, which go through extreme changes in climate, overcrowding and physical exhaustion, appeared here.
The teenager disappeared on the edge of the road. "They need days with fever," one of the young men who followed him, reached out before wearing it. A few meters ahead, a four-year-old girl from Honduras collapsed on the floor, she was convinced that she made an eternal line to board a freight caravan with her mother, Mirna Carolina Aiala.
"I do not know what he has, he did not want to eat in the days … if something happens I'm dying," the woman said between the picnics, while the paramedics gave the oxygen to the girl. Mali Madaleli "brings fever and glucose is high, it should be evaluated by a pediatric team for possible pre-diabetes. It's dehydrated and it did not eat well," said Luis Manuel Martinez, Emergency Coordinator for the Emergency Medical Officer of the Ministry of Health. When she reached consciousness, the girl drove an ambulance to the hospital. His screams of pain felt a good part of the caravan.
Winter is coming
In principle, the caravan comes in a "worsened state". "They come from the hot climate and here the temperature gets lower, they are more trained, people are not used for these days of walking, eating and sleeping badly."explains Martinez.
For the doctor, the most important risks are respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. "We discovered pockets of infection through flu and tuberculosis," said the Red Cross doctor who asked for anonymity and spent the night in a shelter.
At dawn, the sneaking symphony, groans and cough sounded in a crowded stadium camp, hit by strong ice streams. "Most of us are affected by cough, with flu, because of the overclocking climate, very cold, I can not stand it," said Jose Castellano, a 20-year-old Honduras who left the medical position of the camp with full medicine.
The spread of viruses and bacteria is common. "If you do not take your boat with water, you must take it from your partner," explains a young man shaking coldly, under two trousers and a double jacket you saw. Castellano understands that every day that passes nearer to winter, which reaches below zero temperatures near the northern border. "You must be ready to not kill us with hypothermia," he said.
Most of us are affected by cough, flu. Because of the overclocking climate, it's very cold
Trash and new toilets
Tuberculosis affects the lungs, causing cough, fever, night teeth and weight loss, according to the World Health Organization. Although it can be treated if it is treated immediately, it is spread by coughing, killing or spitting, such as flu. These diseases can degenerate into epidemics, cause pneumonia or death.
Sleeping migrants was created outdoors, forming a giant mat or multi-colored mosaic. Alongside them, there are always mobile toilets that sometimes spill, next to the dirt mountains and the remains they create.
Only ten toilets were borrowed at the stadium, "five for men and five for women (…) and we are a bunch," complains Julio Diaz, a Honda electrician who has to cure his babies because of an infection of the eye.
"The problem is that some of us here are tidy, but others are very dirty, they have no education," he said, holding a plastic bag of medicines.
Through the labyrinth corridors in the camp, shouting shouts for headaches, bones, feet, shoulders, molars, stomach, chest. There are also sorrows of the soul. "What hurts me is the heart, I miss everything I love in my country," says Araceli Lopez, a single mother who embraced her daughter with special ears.
"Children always embrace and play, so everyone is filled with ears," she explains, knocking one of the parasites between her nails.